福建省 时间:2023-11-29






In June last year, I had an opportunity to do volunteer work in a small village which is located in northern Australia, far from the cities. Living there is an experience that cannot be fully defined in just words. Although the people of this small village are short of the much material wealth that most of us in big cities have, their positive(积极的) outlook on life is comparable to what we have.

The small village suffered a natural disaster(灾难)about two years ago. Many people lost their material belongings and their houses. Soon after the disaster, families had to live under one roof in houses that were suitable for just- one family. Instead of feeling bottled in, the people felt more of sense of belonging when families had to live together in such conditions. They banded together to help each other in rebuilding their houses.

It was still beyond my understanding how family took priority (优先) over anything else. If someone is in need, the family will provide any support needed. In cities, it is said that “Houses are getting bigger, while homes are getting smaller”. In this small village, the home will always remain big. Children are taught from an early age that family is worth more than any material wealth that they will come across. They pass the value to their kids, and the cycle continues in keeping family values.

I still remember on the third day I arrived in the small village, two elders wanted to adopt me into their tribe(宗族). As part of that process, I was given a Spirit Totem, and was told that I officially belonged to their tribe. One of the elders explained, “No one is a stranger here. You come here, and you become part of us! Can you imagine if we had that outlook in every small village or on every street on earth

Leaving this small village was challenging for me indeed. Not only did my outlook change, but my understanding of how life can be defined in different ways took a turn for the better

1.What can we know from the first paragraph

A. People in cities don’t live positively

B. People in that village live a very poor life.

C. The people in that small village are hopeful about the future.

D. The writer didn’t want to do volunteer work there.

2.What does the underlined part in Paragraph 2 most likely refer to

A. Especially excited.B. Badly ill.

C. very crowded.D. seriously scared.

3.What can be the most important in the eyes of the people there

A. Family values.B. Physical health.

C. Good living condition.D. Children’s education

Whether you’re looking for things at the Natural History Museum or taking a trip of discovery at the Science Museum, there are a host of top museums in London for families. Most London museums offer activities to children. Take your pick in London. Here are some:

HMS Belfast

Step aboard Europe’s largest preserved(保藏的) World War II warship and experience the legend of HMS Belfast. The ship has nine decks (甲板) filled with history, from the Captain’s Bridge to the sailors’ mess(食堂), and offers hands-on activities to parents and their children.

Adult Ticket: From & 14.50 per ticket

Child Ticket: From &7.25 per ticket (5―15, under 5’s free)

Opening Times:

March―October: 10: 00-18: 00

November―February: 10: 00-17: 00

Closed: December 24th, 25th and 26th

Bank of England Museum

The Bank of England takes you through the history of the bank since its foundation in 1694 to its role today as nation’s central bank. There are gold bars dating from ancient times to the modern market bar, coins and a special collection of banknotes. Parents and their children can see gold bars―even try to lift one―and can learn the value of money in a fun way.

Ticket: Free

Opening Times:

Monday―Friday: 10: 00-17: 00

Closed on weekends and Bank Holidays

London Transport Museum

The London Transport Museum hosts exhibitions connecting transport with the history of London.

Find more than 80 vehicles (交通工具), including a red London bus and the world’s first under-ground train. The galleries are full of exhibits for parents and their children.

Adult Ticket:£16.00to£17.50 per ticket

Child Ticket: Free (under 18)

Opening Times:

Monday―Sunday: 10: 00--18: 00

1.If a 15-year-old boy visits the warship with his parents, they need to pay _______.

A. at least &29B. at least &14.5C. at least &21.75D. at least & 36.25

2.What can children learn in the Bank of England Museum

A. The history of the UK.B. The change of business trade.

C. The history of all the banks in England.D. The development of means of payment.

3.What can we learn about the museums in London

A. They have a long history.B. They close on weekends.

C. Many of them are family-friendly.D. Many of them are the world’s best.

It’s common for a child to lose his or her baby tooth during the growth. What do children do when they lose baby teeth People around the world do it differently.

A custom in the US, England, Canada, Australia and some other English-speaking countries is that children put their baby tooth under their pillow (枕头) before going to bed. They believe the tooth fairy(牙仙子) comes during the night and leave a coin in exchange for their tooth. Of course, we know that the money is not from the tooth fairy. Their parents do it instead.

In some European countries it is a common practice to bury the baby tooth in the earth. The tooth might be buried in the garden or in the surrounding field. However, since most of the people now find themselves living in towns or cities, they begin placing the teeth in small flowerpots. It’s done so that the permanent(永久的) tooth will grow in its place.

Putting a tooth under a pillow sounds sweet, and putting a tooth under the ground or in a flowerpot sounds safe, but what about throwing those teeth around In some Asian countries, that’s just what people do. Children throw a lower tooth up onto the roof and an upper one is thrown down on the ground, or hidden under the bed. It is done so that the new upper tooth grows downwards, while the new lower tooth upwards.

Some countries even have more interesting traditions. In Nigeria, if you’re a boy, you hold your tooth and eight stones in your fist(拳头). Girls hold six stones and their tooth in their fist. The children then close their eyes and state their names. They then say, “Oh, I want my tooth back!” Next, they throw everything in their fist up in the air and run away as fast as they can. In Mongolia, the baby tooth is given to a young dog. There, the dog is respected and considered to be able to protect people. If the dog likes the baby tooth and eats it, it’s said that a strong tooth will grow again

1.How many different traditions about the baby tooth are mentioned in the passage

A. Four.B. Five.C. Six.D. Seven.

2.Why do people in Asia throw their baby teeth around in different ways

A. Because it means nothing but it is only a tradition.

B. Because they think that the teeth are useless to them.

C. Because they have no other places to store these teeth.

D. Because they expect their new teeth to grow in a correct way

3.Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage

A. A kid in UK hides his baby tooth under a pillow to get some money.

B. People in Europe usually bury their baby teeth in different places.

C. In Nigeria, boys and girls like games with their baby teeth

D. In Mongolia, people think dogs can help them to have strong teeth to grow.

4.What does the passage mainly want to tell us

A. There are different traditions to do with the baby tooth in the world

B. The baby tooth means something different to people in different countries.

C. When children lose baby teeth, they like to do some different things with them.

D. Most children in the world hope to have stronger teeth when they lose baby teeth.

Agatha Christie is possibly the world’s most famous detective(侦探的) story writer. She wrote about 80 novels, and her sales (4 billion copies of her novels) was over those of William Shakespeare. However, behind her works was a shy woman whose life was often lonely and unhappy.

She was born in 1890 in Devon, the third child of Clarissa and Frederick Miller, and grew into a beautiful and sensitive(敏感的) girl. She didn’t go to school but was educated by her parents. Her father taught her maths through stories and games, and her mother encouraged her to write by her own stories. Unfortunately her father died in 1901 when she was 11, and both she and her mother were very sad.

When World War I came in 1914, she became a nurse in a hospital, which was very useful to her later work. Many of the murders(杀人犯) in her books were carried out by a clever use of medicine, showing how much she had learnt about them as a nurse.

She wrote her first detective novel, The Mysterious Affair at Styles, in 1916. And it was published in 1920. In this novel she introduced Hercule Poirot, the Belgian detective who appeared in many later novels. Her other main detective was Miss Marple, who was from Agatha’s grandmother and her circle of friends. Christie’s stories keep the reader guessing who the murderer is until the very end of the story.

In 1914, at the beginning of the war, she married Archibald Christie, but the marriage was unhappy. It didn’t last and they left each other in 1926. It was a very difficult time for her, as her much-loved mother had died earlier that year. Agatha suffered a lot and one night she drove her car and disappeared.

She went missing for eleven days and was finally found in a hotel in Harrogate, in the North of England. Agatha only wanted staying alone but the newspapers had given her a hard time over her driving the car and disappearing. She decided never to let them enter her private life again

She enjoyed a very happy second marriage to Max Mallowan who she met in Baghdad and married in 1930. Her detective skills were a help to him in his work in Syria and Iraq. By successfully staying out of the newspapers, she found happiness with her husband. Her best novels were written after 1930, and she continued writing until 1973. She died peacefully in 1976.

1.What does the underlined word “her” refer to

A. Clarissa.B. Miss Marple.

C. Agatha.D. Agatha’s grandmother.

2.Why did Agatha drive her car and disappear

A. She felt terrible and went to hospital.B. She wanted to stay alone for some time.

C. She went to find Max Mallowan.D. She decided to stay away from the war.

3.When did Agatha write her best novels

A. When she was very young and with her father.

B. When she got married with Archibald Christie.

C. When she stopped being shy and quiet.

D. When she had a second marriage.

4.What is the right order according to the passage

① Agatha’s mother died. ②Agatha got married the first time.

③ Agatha helped Max Mallowan with his work. ④ Agatha’s father died.

⑤ Agatha disappeared. ⑥Agatha wrote her first detective novel.

A. ①②④③⑤B. ④⑥②①⑤③C. ④②⑥①⑤③D. ④②⑥③①⑤

5.Why does the writer write the passage

A. To make a difference on writers.B. To explain how to stop being shy.

C. To show us a history of a war.D. To introduce us a famous writer.


第二节 下面文章中有五处需要添加首句,请从A到F的六个选项中选出符合各段主题的句子,完成第31-35题。(其中一项为多余选项。)

How to ride a bicycle in traffic

Cycling in traffic is something that seems dangerous but can be quite safe as long as you obey the rules of the road and exercise alertness (机敏)and common sense. Here are some tips for you.

1.A helmet(头盔) won’t prevent accidents. But it can save you from serious head injuries if you are in an accident. That’s why it’s always safer to wear it when cycling.

2. So always have lights if it is not very bright out, and if you cycle in the evening, reflective clothing is a great idea. The more obvious you are to drivers, the less likely they are to hit you.

3.Start from the easy streets. Pick some quiet back streets and get used to being around cars and other road traffic Gradually build up your stamina(耐力) on larger roads by practicing on them on quiet days.

4. Always ride with the traffic. Stay off sidewalks, stop for red lights, stop at stop signs, and obey all other traffic signs. Don’t run red lights no matter how many other cyclists do it. Your good habits can help improve others’ safety awareness.

5. If you need to talk on your cellphone, stop and pull over. Don’t listen to an MP3 player or radio. Some cars are very difficult to hear, so you need to pay careful attention to not get run over by them.

A. The wearing of helmets is a requirement in many countries.

B. If you’re an inexperienced cyclist, it is not a good idea to throw yourself in the heavy traffic.

C. Make sure you are comfortable with your bike.

D. You should always pay attention to the rules of the road.

E. Most accidents happen when drivers haven’t noticed a cyclist.

F. Avoid doing things that will affect your ability to hear cars coming up behind you


When I was little, my family used to move very often. Before I could even get to know my schoolmates well, my family was on the move again. I became very ______ because of this.

But a girl with dark skin and long shiny hair changed me. She is very outgoing and happy.

She is always smiling, like a beautiful sunflower following the sun. Without ______, I enjoyed being with her and soon we became good friends. As time went by, I gradually became a __ girl. But this joyful period didn’t last long. We _____ different colleges. I felt like I had gone back to my always-on-the-move childhood. I felt ______ and helpless and I was afraid that I would __ her as my best friend. She stayed calm and said to me: “Rain, you can achieve more than I do, so ______ to your dreams and make a big effort! Real friendship doesn’t fade and we will be best friends forever.” Maybe she didn’t realize what a great ______ she was to me at that time.

However, it turned out that my worries were well-founded. I felt that the ______ between us was getting bigger and bigger. One day, she sent me a text message happily telling me that she had fallen in love with a handsome boy in her class. I felt happy for her, but ______ I was secretly worried about our friendship. I ______ her several times to tell her to think carefully about her relationship with the boy, but I got no more messages from her. I felt sad that perhaps our friendship would die. I had almost given up hope ______ she visited me at my campus(校园) a week later. She looked weak ______ was wearing the most beautiful smile. She gave me a big hug and said:“I’m sorry. I want to be myself and your friend forever!” We cried together, ______ seeing the people walking past. She told me about her sad story, and we knew we had gone back to ______ it was before.

Now I strongly believe that distance and time can’t separate you from a friend. If you care enough about each other, friendship never fades.

1.A. silentB. disappointedC. outgoingD. crazy

2.A. helpB. friendsC. doubtD. family

3.A. happyB. luckyC. helpfulD. successful

4.A. wentB. gotC. reachedD. entered

5.A. scaredB. strangeC. shyD. homesick

6.A. leaveB. missC. loseD. develop

7.A. look forwardB. hold onC. get downD. go back

8.A. influenceB. exampleC. encouragementD. wonder

9.A. differenceB. distanceC. misunderstandingD. sense

10.A. once in a whileB. to my surpriseC. at the same timeD. in that case

11.A. visitedB. messagedC. telephonedD. wrote

12.A. whileB. untilC. andD. as

13.A. andB. butC. howeverD. though

14.A. asB. byC. withoutD. like

15.A. whatB. whenC. whereD. how


阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词) 或括号内单词的正确形式。将答案填写在答题卷的"相应位置。

One day, I was comfortably waiting for my flight with a good book to read when 1.elderly lady was wheeled to our waiting area. I noticed the trouble that she was trying to open a bag of nuts with her 2.(shake) hands. No one else was willing to meet her gaze (目光), so I 3.(offer) to help. The lady was very 4.(thank). We sat and chatted. The time came to board the plane. She could walk but needed some help, so I volunteered 5.( help) her and carry her bag.

As I helped her sit down, I noticed her “seat mate”, a businessman, looked a bit horrified at having to make the flight with her. He offered to change seat6.me ― and I agreed. We had a long chat. As we were entering another country we needed to fill out forms(表格). I offered to fill 7.(her) because of her shaking hands. We landed and I needed to change planes, but I helped her first. The wheelchair 8.she ordered was nowhere to be seen so we slowly walked to the gate where her daughter was waiting.

9.a result, I had to run to catch my connection, but as I thought about the experience, I saw her as my airport angel(天使), a chance for me to hope that in the future when I’m in my 10. (eighty) and traveling, someone will take the time to connect with me.


假设你是Sunshine Middle School 的心理咨询教师,正在撰写一份关于九年级学生Nora的咨询记录。请根据以下信息介绍一下Nora的基本情况,并将她的问题给出1-2条可行的建议。


√one of the top students

√loves English, math and chemistry

√is a little fat and not good at sports

√has few friends and feels lonely


√one of the top students

√loves English, math and chemistry

√is a little fat and not good at sports

√has few friends and feels lonely

要求: 1. 文章必须涉及表格中所有信息,可适当拓展; 2. 条理清晰,语句连贯、通顺,标点正确;3. 字数:80左右。

Nora, from Sunshine Middle School, is ________________________________________




My neighbor Orlando is a paramedic (急救医士). He and his wife are some of the nicest people I have ever met. A few years back we started this sort of “favor war”, where one of us would do something for the other, such as shoveling (铲) their driveway or helping them build a shed, and next time the other would try to top it with another favor.

Yesterday morning there was maybe 2 or 3 feet of snow on the ground and I remembered he shoveled my driveway for me last snowfall. So I took out my shovel and took care of both our sidewalks and driveways because it was my turn to do a favor back. It took a while but I finished and got into my car for work. What I didn’t realize was that Orlando had to work that day too.

Fast forward to this morning I got a knock on my door. It was him. He immediately shook my hand and informed me that because I shoveled his driveway and sidewalk for him, he was able to get to work earlier. As soon as he started his shift, a call came through that a young boy was in a medical emergency. Luckily he and his partner were only about 2 minutes away, but the next closest ambulance was in 10 minutes. This kid did not have 10 minutes. He barely had 2 minutes. Because my neighbor got to work sooner, the young boy got to live his life.

This isn’t a humble brag (吹牛). This is to inform others that even the smallest favors can have the biggest impacts. It wasn’t too much of trouble to shovel his driveway for him, but because I did, the young kid got to see his family again, go back to school again, talk to his friends again and live his life.

1.What can we know about the writer and Orlando

A. They once had a conflict.

B. They signed a favorable agreement.

C. They favor shoveling snow together.

D. They are always ready to help each other.

2.Who saved the boy before it was too late

A. The writer.B. The boy’s parents.

C. Orlando and his wife.D. Orlando and his partner.

3.What does the writer intend to tell us

A. Never ask for trouble.B. No favor is too small.

C. One cannot always be lucky.D. Don’t lose heart in an emergency.

TRAIL SAFE! is a unique safety training program designed specifically for National Park Service (NPS) Trail Volunteers, but is useful to everyone! It’s based upon NPS Operational Leadership Training, where the human factor of safety is explored. TRAIL SAFE! captures (捕捉) the core learning objectives of the 16-hour Operational Leadership course while allowing volunteers to learn from their own homes online.

The TRAIL SAFE! series includes eight video lessons, each ranging in length from 18 to 40 minutes long. Watch them over the course of multiple days, or “binge watch” the entire series in three hours―it’s up to you―but please watch them in order from Lesson 1 through Lesson 8. After viewing the lessons, send your training verification (验证) emails to register your participation. When you have viewed and registered for all eight individual lessons, each participant will receive a TRAIL SAFE! pin and a SPE/GAR card in the mail for use in the field. Thank you for helping to make Sleeping Bear Dunes one of the safest work environments for NPS Trail Volunteers like yourself.

Ready to start

Click on this link to access all TRAIL SAFE! videos: www.nps.gov/iatr/trail-safe.htm

If you require Audio Descriptive versions of TRAIL SAFE!, the link to those videos is also available on the Ice Age Trail site.

Record your participation

In order to receive credits for your participation, please fill in your answers to the following questions and email to: Matthew_mohrman@nps.gov.

●Which video lesson did you just complete viewing

●Name of the Trail where you volunteer.

●Your name and full mailing address, so we may send your course completion materials to you.

●Names and addresses of others if you are viewing this lesson in a group setting.

●Optional: Please let us know any comments or suggestions you have about this lesson.

Upon registering your completion for the entire eight lesson series, you’ll receive your TRAIL SAFE! pin and risk assessment card via mail.

1.What is the aim of TRAIL SAFE!

A. To develop volunteers’ operational leadership.

B. To offer links to the websites for learning.

C. To provide credits for viewing.

D. To pass the risk assessment.

2.How long does it take the participants to watch the eight videos at a time

A. 18 minutes.B. 40 minutes.

C. 3 hours.D. 16 hours.

3.What should the participants do to get a SPE/GAR card

A. Watch and register for all the series.

B. Give some comments on the lessons.

C. Send and receive training mails.

D. Answer all of the questions.

4.What can be inferred about the job of NPS Trail Volunteers

A. It is popular with everyone.B. It can be dangerous.

C. It shall be completed online.D. It needs NPS working experience.

AUSTRALIAN adults want to see “life skills” introduced into school curriculums, including money management, job preparation and domestic tasks. New research from Monash University showed Aussie adults also widely supported the inclusion of technology, coding and artificial intelligence subjects to student curriculums to prepare them for future jobs.

Co-author Professor Neil Selwyn, from Monash’s new Education Futures think tank, said the survey results of more than 2,000 Australians had taken himself and Dr Deana Leahy by surprise. “The life skills―I wasn’t expecting that at all,” he said. Those quizzed were asked to rate the value of a list of subjects already in the curriculum, but were also given an open space to write what they think should be included. Prof. Selwyn said people called for schools to teach financial skills, budgeting, cooking and doing taxes. “You could argue that these are things people should be learning themselves, or learning from their families,” Prof. Selwyn said. “But we’ve got to be thinking forward in terms of the skills people will need for jobs and their ways of living.”

One respondent said schools should introduce a “contemporary life skills” subject: “A compulsory 1-hour a week class on skills needed that parents seem continually unable to teach their kids.” Suggestions for the class included resume writing, filing tax returns and health claims. Another respondent called for students to be taught “general life skills as unfortunately not enough kids will have parents to actually be bothered to educate them or simply parents don’t know themselves”.

Of the subjects, maths was the highest ranked (75.5 percent), followed closely by English (74.8 percent). And while science was the third highest ranked subject (46.2 percent), it was more strongly supported by those who earned higher wages and were university educated compared to lower income earners.

Aspects of school life considered least important were students having fun, learning about things that interested them and being given the opportunity to be creative.

1.Why did the adults suggest adding “life skills” to school curriculums

A. To vary school curriculums.

B. To enrich students’ school life.

C. To prepare students for future work and life.

D. To save parents the trouble of educating kids.

2.What did Prof. Selwyn think of the adults’ suggestions

A. Reasonable.B. Ridiculous.

C. Interesting.D. Impractical.

3.What does Paragraph 3 focus on

A. Differences of school subjects.B. Reasons for the school survey.

C. Opinions from the surveyed.D. Investigations of the respondents.

4.What can we know from the text

A. The present curriculums are to adults’ taste.

B. Contemporary life skills involve resume writing.

C. Students’ interests have been greatly promoted.

D. The parents quizzed think highly of school life

If maths is the language of the universe, bees may have just uttered their first words. New research suggests these busybodies of the insect world are capable of addition and subtraction (减法)―using colors in the place of plus and minus symbols.

In the animal kingdom, the ability to count―or at least distinguish between differing quantities―isn’t unusual: It has been seen in frogs, spiders, and even fish. But solving equations (方程式) using symbols is rare, so far only achieved by famously brainy animals such as chimpanzees and African grey parrots.

Building on previous research that says the social insects can count to four and understand the concept of zero, researchers wanted to test the limits of what their tiny brains can do.

Scientists trained 14 bees to link the colors blue and yellow to addition and subtraction, respectively. They placed the bees at the entrance of a Y-shaped maze (迷宫), where they were shown several shapes in either yellow or blue. If the shapes were blue, bees got a reward if they went to the end of the maze with one more blue shape (the other end had one less blue shape); if the shapes were yellow, they got a reward if they went to the end of the maze with one less yellow shape.

The testing worked the same way: Bees that “subtracted” one shape when they saw yellow, or “added” one shape when they saw blue were considered to have aced the test. The bees got the right answer 63% to 72% of the time, depending on the type of equation and the direction of the right answer―much better than random guesses would allow―the researchers report today in Science Advances.

Though the results came from just 14 bees, researchers say the advance is exciting. If a brain about 20,000 times smaller than ours can perform maths using symbols, it could pave the way to novel approaches in artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning. Just don’t ask the bees to do your homework anytime soon.

1.Why do the scientists conduct the research

A. To teach them maths.B. To test the power of tiny brains.

C. To explain the meaning of colors.D. To get access to machine learning.

2.What does the underlined word “aced” in Paragraph 5 probably mean

A. Given up.B. Entered for.

C. Got through.D. Checked over.

3.What might the research make contributions to

A. Language acquisition.B. Arithmetic learning.

C. Protection of animals.D. Development of AI.

4.What can be the best title for the text

A. Bees “Like” Counting

B. Bees “Tell” Colors Apart

C. Bees “Perform” Maths Using Shapes

D. Bees “Get” Addition and Subtraction


Some people put their bicycles away once they learn how to drive a car. For many people, bicycling is not just an easy way of getting around town but also an exciting sport. 1..

One kind of race is the time trial. Each racer leaves the starting line at a different time and heads hard for the finish line. The cyclist who covers the distance in the shortest amount of time wins the race. 2., because the bicycles are spread out and are not likely to run into each other.

Another kind of race is more difficult. A few city blocks are closed to traffic. Then all the racers line up in a tight pack and begin racing at the same time. 3.. The race requires more than speed. It also requires skillful handling of the bicycle as it runs at full speed around other bicycles. The racer who completes all the laps first is the winner.

4.. Racers have to cover anywhere from 35 miles to almost 3,000 miles. The race course may be a straight stretch of road or a long series of roads across the country. The prize goes to the first person who crosses the finish line.

Between races cyclists stay in condition by doing exercise that builds their strength so that they can keep riding for long periods of time. 5., they often join bicycling groups and become licensed racers. Then they can enter special races all over the country. If you’re a cyclist, keep practicing. You could become a star.

A. As cyclists become more experienced

B. A time trial is a very safe race for beginners

C. Serious cyclists often arrange to take part in races

D. Road races are usually the longest cycling contests

E. Most people will seize possible chances to get around town

F. They cover many laps, going around and around the city blocks

G. When cyclists still need to build themselves up for those special races


Every year, the fifth graders at Brookstone Elementary went on a field trip to Washington, DC. Terence ______ the exciting trip, and was ______ to go next year.

Terence asked his parents ______ if they would pay for half of the trip if he earned the other half of the money himself. His parents ______. He had almost a year to earn $150. His first ______ was to earn money baby-sitting, and he typed a nice letter ______ that he would baby-sit during his neighbors’______. He named a few afternoons available and said he would ______ $1 per hour per child. After five baby-sitting ______, he earned $45.

When the ______ weather arrived, Terence knocked on his neighbors’ doors to ask if they needed help with ______ work. He helped with mowing (修剪) and weeding gardens. After the summer was over, he earned $75. When the fall arrived, he counted his money and ______ that he still needed $40 for his trip. Soon his mom saw a(n) ______ for a job for him. He got a job ______ newspapers every Wednesday afternoon, making 5 cents for every paper, $10 ______ each Wednesday. It wasn’t long before he had ______ money to go on the trip to Washington, DC. He was _____ in time. The class trip was on October 15. His mom and dad gave him a check for the $150 they ______ him. What a great feeling! He helped ______ the cost of his trip.

This experience ______ Terence in many ways, making his dream a reality with great efforts.

1.A. prepared forB. laid outC. referred toD. heard about

2.A. dyingB. gratefulC. luckyD. proud

3.A. curiouslyB. casuallyC. anxiouslyD. briefly

4.A. submittedB. agreedC. bargainedD. refused

5.A. ideaB. jobC. conclusionD. suggestion

6.A. declaringB. confirmingC. showingD. saying

7.A. stayB. companyC. interactionD. absence

8.A. payB. spendC. chargeD. donate

9.A. negotiationsB. sessionsC. attemptsD. interviews

10.A. warmB. fineC. unusualD. changeable

11.A. yardB. paperC. schoolD. volunteer

12.A. admittedB. determinedC. complainedD. insisted

13.A. directoryB. permitC. advertisementD. email

14.A. editingB. updatingC. printingD. delivering

15.A. at onceB. on timeC. after allD. in total

16.A. extraB. muchC. enoughD. easy

17.A. justB. evenC. everD. still

18.A. owedB. lentC. promisedD. ordered

19.A. countB. coverC. estimateD. reduce

20.A. astonishedB. shapedC. excitedD. impressed



Every Wednesday at 7 pm, a group of running enthusiasts from different countries gather at a bar in Shanghai before setting 1. on their 5-kilometer run. But this is no ordinary run. These people 2. (arm) with trash (垃圾) bags. The members of this group don’t simply run for the sake of good health. They do it for the sake of the Earth 3.well.

Called “plogging”, this new fitness activity originated in Sweden in 20*** and was introduced to Shanghai in 20***. The term is a combination of the words “jogging” and “plocka upp”, 4. means “pick up” in Swedish.

By the summer of 20***, just a few months after Trash Running China was founded, 5. (it) WeChat group had grown to include more than 400 runners. To make the activity more fun for both 6. (newcomer) and regular ploggers, Trash Running China also 7. (frequent) organizes longer weekend runs in the suburban areas. “We want more people to hold small ‘plogging’ groups and have a 8. (responsible) to organize trash running activities in their own neighborhoods,” says Eisenring, who founded Trash Running China. “ ‘Plogging’ is a way 9. (know) the people and the city a bit more,” says Robbin Trebbe, one of the 10. (late) runners to join the group.








As everybody know, parents are worried too much about their child, especially when the young meet with challenges. So do my parents. They are even more nervous than I when a important test is coming. I have been thinking about talked to them. I’ll let them know I have a goal and will work hard to achieve them. When they are convincing that I’ll be responsible for that what I should do, they surely won’t feel worried. Please keep in mind that our parents love us unconditional. I hope my thought can be helpful to you in dealing the relationship with your parents.


假定你是李华,你的美国朋友Jack来信询问“嫦娥四号”探测器(Chang’e-4 probe)名称的由来。请你给他回信,内容包括:















--- I’ve got something weighing on my mind. Could you give me some advice?

--- ______. Tell me all about it and I’ll do what I can.

A. Don’t mention itB. No wonder

C. No problemD. My pleasure

Everybody was touched ______ words after they heard her moving story.

A. withoutB. beyond

C. againstD. despite

Think carefully before you answer questions online. You may be ______ into giving away very important personal information.

A. caughtB. addicted

C. seizedD. trapped

The coat I bought yesterday is not expensive at all. As a matter of fact, I would gladly have paid ______ for it.

A. as much twiceB. much as twice

C. as twice muchD. twice as much

Nearly all educators believe that a challenging situation can often ______ the best qualities of a person.

A. cheer upB. take over

C. bring outD. put away

This restaurant has an inviting, homelike atmosphere ______ many others are short of.

A. whereB. when

C. thatD. what

The only problem was ______ we kept getting lost! But people in Tianjin are very friendly and helpful.

A. whyB. whether

C. thatD. how

--- Why didn’t you help the little boy?

--- Oh, he had struggled to his feet ______ I could run over and offered any help.

A. beforeB. after

C. whenD. since

--- Is it convenient to you if I call you up at 9 o’clock tomorrow morning?

--- I’m afraid not. I ______ a meeting then.

A. will have attendedB. was attending

C. will be attendingD. am attending

--- Where will you start your work after graduation?

--- Mum, it’s not been decided yet. I ______ continue my study for a higher degree.

A. needB. must

C. wouldD. might

______ to nuclear radiation, even for a short time, may influence genes in human bodies.

A. Having exposedB. Being exposed

C. To exposeD. Exposed

--- Dad, have you seen my Christmas card?

--- ______ you painted last night? I’m afraid I haven’t seen ______.

A. One ; oneB. The one ; it

C. One ; itD. The one ; that

--- Thank you for reminding me of the time, or I ????? late for the flight yesterday.

--- Don’t mention it.

A. will have beenB. would have been

C. must beD. could be

--- What did she want to know, Tom?

--- She wondered ______ we could complete the experiment.

A. when was itB. it was when that

C. it was whenD. when it was that

--- I’ll pay a visit to Hong Kong. Would you mind keeping an eye on my house?

--- Not at all. ______.

A. I’d rather notB. I’d be happy

C. I’ve no timeD. I’d like to


??? I never knew how well Mother could keep a trust until I was going through her things after she died. I discovered something I had _______ forgotten, something that happened to me as a child.

One day, as I went to sleep after my sisters and I had said our prayers, I recalled the events of the day and how _______ I had behaved toward Mother. “I must make things right now,” I thought.

Quietly I _______ out of bed and picked up the pencil and paper from the dresser, and then tiptoed into the hall. The _______ from the living room shone dimly. I knew Mother was downstairs still doing some sewing.

I quickly _______ a note asking Mother to excuse me for being so _______. I didn’t want my sisters to know my business so I _______ a postscript, “Please don’t let anyone else see this.” Then I _______ moved into my parents’ bedroom and put the letter under Mother’s pillow.

The next morning when I _______ my bed after breakfast, I ________ found a return note under my pillow. Mother wrote that she loved me and ________ me. This became my way of apologizing whenever I talked ________ or disobeyed. Mother always left a return note, but she never ________ our under-the-pillow messages in front of the family. Even when we were ________, she never mentioned them when we sisters ________ our childhood.

When Mother passed away, I had to go through her personal belongings. In her desk was a bundle of notes tied with a faded ribbon. On top was a message in handwriting which read, “In the event of my death, please ________ these.”

I ________ the package and glanced at the handwriting onthe bottom. To my ________, I recognized my childish writing, “PS. Please don’t let anyone else see this. Love, Edie.” I gently placed the unopened bundle in the ________ along with other things for the rubbish burner. “Lord,” I prayed, “make me like ________.”

1.A. longB. hardlyC. neverD. often

2.A. wellB. politelyC. happilyD. badly

3.A. wentB. rushedC. slippedD. moved

4.A. moonB. lightC. gasD. lamp

5.A. foundB. sentC. wroteD. took

6.A. lazyB. lateC. carelessD. naughty

7.A. tookB. addedC. broughtD. placed

8.A. quietlyB. quicklyC. calmlyD. hurriedly

9.A. searchedB. leftC. madeD. folded

10.A. secretlyB. unexpectedlyC. happilyD. fortunately

11.A. favoredB. understoodC. supportedD. forgave

12.A. overB. backC. loudlyD. big

13.A. spoke aboutB. put onC. gave outD. got around

14.A. aloneB. curiousC. olderD. interested

15.A. remindedB. forgotC. missedD. recalled

16.A. keepB. destroyC. hideD. announce

17.A. turned overB. tore openC. looked throughD. picked up

18.A. sadnessB. embarrassmentC. surpriseD. excitement

19.A. drawerB. wastebasketC. bedroomD. dresser

20.A. GodB. an angelC. a birdD. Mother


Below is a web page from www.*********.com/.

Kid of the Year Photo Contest

Enter your kid’s photo today and win ! We’re giving away 52 weekly $250 prizes from Readers’ Choice votes. PLUS our editors will select one entry (参赛作品) to win our grand prize of $7,000.

Official Contest Rules

No purchase necessary to enter or win. The Kid of the Year Photo Contest entry period begins at 12:00 a.m. March 23, 20***, and ends on January 21, 20*** (the “Entry Period”). Entries must be received by 9:00 p.m. on January 21, 20*** (“Entry Deadline”). Entries will not be acknowledged or returned.

SPONSOR: Meredith Corporation, 1716 Locust Street, Des Moines, Iowa.

ENTRY: There will be two methods of entry.

Share My Entry:

Visit www.parents.com/photos/photo-contests-1/kid-of-the-year/ and click the button to enter. Then complete the registration form and follow the instructions to upload one album of up to six photos of your child aged three months to eight years. Photos must be taken by entrant, non-professional, unpublished and may not have won any prize or award. Photos must be .jpeg or .bmp image formats (格式) and cannot exceed 3 MB.

Facebook Entry:

Visit Facebook.com/ParentsMagazine and click the Kid of 20*** tab. Fill out the registration form and upload one album of up to six photos of your child aged three months to eight years. You may provide one description and one album title that will be applied to all photos. Photos must be taken by entrant, non-professional, unpublished and may not have won any prize or award. Photos must be .jpeg or .bmp image formats and cannot exceed 3 MB.

This promotion is in no way sponsored, supported or run by, or associated with Facebook. You are providing your information to Parents Magazine and not to Facebook. The information you provide will only be used to run the promotion and register for Parents.com.

Photos must not contain material that infringes the rights of another, including but not limited to privacy, publicity or intellectual property rights, or that constitutes copyright violation. Photos must not contain brand names or trademarks.

LIMIT: One entry per household, per eligible (有资格的) child, per week. One weekly prize per child. For entries of more than one eligible child in the household, the entry process must be completed separately for each child. No group entries.

1.We can learn from the passage that ________.

A. you should buy something first before you enter the contest

B. your entry will not be returned even if you don’t win the contest

C. you should send your entry before 12:00 p.m. on March 23, 20***

D. the editors of the contest will decide who will win the 20,000 dollars in prizes

2.Linda, a mother with seven-year-old twins, wants to enter the contest. She MUST ________.

A. provide a description and an album title for the kid’s photos

B. go to Meredith Corporation to fill out the registration forms

C. complete the entry process separately for each of her kids

D. provide the information to Facebook if she chooses Facebook Entry

3.To enter the contest, photos must ________.

A. have won some prize or award

B. be taken by non-professional entrants

C. contain brand names or trademarks

D. contain parents’ personal information

4.What does the underlined word “infringes” mean?

A. violates.B. obtains.

C. grasps.D. cheats.

5.The purpose of the passage is ________.

A. to advertise the website Facebook. com

B. to make profits by attracting photographers’ interest

C. to introduce two methods of entering a photo contest

D. to encourage parents with children to enter a photo contest

??? During this shopping season, salesmen will come up with different strategies to get your business. Many product companies use specific colors to cause positive emotions and compete for a sale. However, sight is not the only sensory (感官的`) retail that companies use. Sounds and smells can also influence consumers’ purchasing decisions.

Nobel Prize-winning research shows that our sense of smell has great power to cause an emotional response. A study published earlier this year compared purchasing in a French flower shop when the smell of lavender (薰衣草) was given off and when it wasn’t. It found that the smell increased the number of consumers’ purchasing items and the amount of their purchases. An earlier study using Nike shoes found that consumers desired the shoes more, and were willing to pay more, when the room had a mixed smell of flowers. Realizing the subconscious impact of smell, many stores apply artificial scents (气味) through their heating and air-conditioning vents (通风口) or place scent machines above their doors. For instance, a coconut scent might make that bikini more appealing as you long for a vacation.

Ever felt frenzied due to a store’s fast-paced music? Or calmed by a piece of light music? A retailer’s choice of music can have a big impact on consumers’ moods. One study found that when subjected to loud music, consumers will spend less time in a store. But interestingly, the researchers did not find a difference in sales or customers’ satisfaction. Another interesting finding from a recent study was that customers actually shop longer when exposed to unfamiliar music. Just as department stores use different scents in certain departments, many use different music in some areas to appeal to varying consumers.

Well, you could always leave the store and take a break, but the food court probably isn’t your best choices as brands like Cinnabon and Panera Bread also use scents as part of their customers’ experience. Online retailers (零售商) use a variety of other strategies to get your business, but you can always neglect those and enjoy the familiar scents of home.

1.The passage is mainly about ________.

A. consumers’ favorite sounds and smells while shopping

B. shopping malls’ strategies for satisfying consumers

C. some special services from super shopping malls

D. two factors affecting consumers’ shopping decisions

2.What can be inferred from Paragraph 2?

A. Decorating stores with flowers becomes a fashion.

B. Shops with special smells can attract more consumers.

C. Smells can actually help businessmen gain more profits.

D. The products with a kind of special smell are more popular.

3.How does music have an effect on consumers?

A. It controls consumers’ desire for shopping.

B. It influences how long consumers stay in a shop.

C. It gives consumers the satisfaction of enjoying shopping.

D. Whether consumers are willing to buy things depends on it.

4.Which of the following can replace the underlined word “frenzied” in Paragraph 3?

A. Satisfied.B. Depressed.

C. Surprised.D. Excited.

5.What does the writer try to express in the last paragraph?

A. Online shopping is becoming more and more popular nowadays.

B. People should spend more time at home with family members.

C. People can choose to get rid of salesmen’s promotion strategies.

D. Smells and sounds are important for consumers’ shopping experience.

Have you ever found yourself in this situation: You hear a song you used to sing when you were a child ― a bit of nostalgia (怀旧) or “blast from the past,” as we say. But it is not a distant childhood memory. The words come back to you as clearly as when you sang them all those years ago.

Researchers at the University of Edinburgh studied the relationship between music and remembering a foreign language. They found that remembering words in a song was the best way to remember even one of the most difficult languages.

Here is what they did. Researchers took 60 adults and randomly divided them into three groups of 20. Then they gave the groups three different types of “listen-and-repeat” learning conditions. Researchers had one group simply speak the words. They had the second group speak the words to a rhythm, or beat. And they asked the third group to sing the words.

All three groups studied words from the Hungarian language for 15 minutes. Then they took part in a series of language tests to see what they remembered.

Why Hungarian, you ask? Researchers said they chose Hungarian because not many people know the language. It does not share any roots with Germanic or Romance languages, such as Italian or Spanish. After the tests were over, the singers came out on top. The people who learned these new Hungarian words by singing them showed a higher overall performance. They did the best in four out of five of the tests. They also performed two times better than those who simply learned the words by speaking them.

Dr. Katie Overy says singing could lead to new ways to learn a foreign language. The brain likes to remember things when they are contained in a catchy or memorable tune.

Dr. Ludke said the findings could help those who struggle to learn foreign languages. On the University of Edinburgh’s website Dr. Ludke writes, “This study provides the first experimental evidence that a listen-and-repeat singing method can support foreign language learning, and opens the door for future research in this area.”

1.The “song” mentioned in the first paragraph is intended to ________.

A. recall the pastB. amuse the readers

C. introduce the topicD. compare the past with the present

2.According to the passage which language doesn’t share the same root with Germanic or Romance languages?

A. HungarianB. Spanish

C. ItalianD. English

3.From the last two paragraphs, we can conclude that ________.

A. singing is the best way to learn a foreign language

B. brain probably works best when foreign language learners sing the words

C. a listen-repeat method is very effective for any language learner

D. Dr. Katie Overy and Dr. Ludke disagree with each other

4.What’s correct about the study undertaken by the researchers at the University of Edinburgh?

A. Altogether twenty adults were tested in the study.

B. People in the 3rd group performed as well as the other 2 groups.

C. People in the 2nd group were asked to speak the words to a beat.

D. In the study 60 adults were divided into 3 groups according to abilities.

5.In which situation can the finding of the research be applied?

A. A mother is going to teach her baby how to speak.

B. A child is going to have his first music lesson.

C. A student is going to learn a new English song.

D. An American is going to learn some Chinese.

With child behavior, there is almost much more than it meets the eye. Because it occurs at so many different levels, child behavior that seems simple at one level can often be much more complex and meaningful at another.

For instance, a little child’s pattern of getting into cupboards, drawers and closed rooms, even after being told not to, is easily considered as bad behavior. When viewed at that level, the pattern is unacceptable and could lead to punishment. But it can be viewed at a more complex and meaningful level, namely child exploration. If a child regularly experiences an angry parent who seems determined to prevent any exploratory activities, the child will decide to continue to achieve future discoveries. When parents view this behavior as born out of natural curiosity rather than simple opposition, they are more likely to accept and appropriately monitor it. Although it may lead to warning responses to ensure the child’s safety, it is less likely to lead to punishment.

There are countless other examples. Holding a goldfish outside its bowl is foolish at one level but also can be seen as a young child’s attempt to express physical affection for a pet. Spending time with friends rather than family is selfish at one level but also indicates a teen’s need for independence.

The point here is that child behavior is often exhibited in simple forms that can appear to be oppositional, selfish or generally unacceptable if viewed only at that basic level. However, when viewed at a more meaningful level, the same apparently simple behavior can be seen as something larger and potentially more adaptive. This doesn’t mean the behavior should be ignored, especially if it is inappropriate. But looking at the bigger picture of a child’s behavior, adults might gain a fuller understanding of what they’re dealing with, which can create more flexibility in how they respond.

1.According to Paragraph 1, we can know that child behavior ________.

A. is very changeableB. is inacceptable

C. occurs at different levelsD. is fully understood by adults

2.The example in Paragraph 2 mainly shows that ________.

A. parents should properly punish child behavior

B. parents should keep children’s safety in mind

C. children’s behavior shows their interests

D. there are different attitudes to child behavior

3.What does the underlined sentence in Paragraph 2 most probably mean?

A. The child will insist on doing things with determination.

B. The child will have to make frequent decisions.

C. The child will make new discoveries in the future.

D. The child will develop a strong sense of achievement.

4.It can be inferred from Paragraph 3 that ________.

A. child behavior usually reflects a child’s need

B. what a child does can mean differently when seen from different aspects

C. children tend to do something to show their dependence to their parents

D. children spending time with friends show their selfishness

5.What does the writer suggest parents should do with a child’s behavior?

A. Have a positive attitude towards it.

B. Ignore the improper behavior.

C. View it at the basic level.

D. Watch over it from head to foot.



I stood at the edge of the cliff. The wind stung my eyes, cutting into my skin. Dark-feathered birds circled the air, swooping (俯冲) low over the ocean every now and then to catch their dinner. Hundreds of feet below, the deep ocean beat against the rough sandy shore. I took a deep breath, filling my lungs with excitement ― and at the same time, fear.

Behind me, I heard the rest of the crew start to mutter. I was here for the shooting of a movie as I was one of the lead actors in the film Dangerous Things, and this scene was right in the middle of the climax (故事的高潮). It was vital that this went right.

The director had talked to me about getting a stunt double (替身演员), but I’d persuaded him that I could handle the dive. I’d taken a diving course a few years ago, and I’d been taking swimming lessons since I was five years old. I had been pretty confident that I could do this ― up till now.

Someone called out, “Ceria, you don’t have to do this! Are you sure you want to dive?” It was one of the producers, Callie Evans. I knew I couldn’t turn back now. I couldn’t bear to see the disappointed look on the director’s face when he was told that I couldn’t do it.

At that moment, all my fears and worries broke free. The expectation of adventure and victory seemed to move all the hesitation. I swooped downwards. The air on either side of me cut into my extended arms. I knew that this wonderful feeling of flight would only last a few seconds, yet time seemed to slow down so I could hear the thrilled whoops of my crew and a round of applause that seemed to echo in my pounding ears.

1.At the beginning, how did the author feel about what she was going to do?(No more than 3 words)

2.What does the underlined sentence in Paragraph 2 mean in English?(No more than 15 words)

3.Why was the author that confident in diving?? (No more than 10 words)

4.What was the crew’s reaction while the author was diving down?? (No more than 10 words)

5.How do you like the author? Please explain why.? (No more than 25 words)


假如你是天津晨光中学的学生李津, 你在互联网上看到关于加拿大Columbia International College将举办冬令营的计划及课程安排的信息,你很感兴趣。现在请你根据以下提示给该学院的Christine写一封信咨询相关情况。








(4)参考词汇? 申请表 application form

Dear Ms. Christine,

I am Li Jin, _______________________________________________________________________________








Yours Sincerely

Li Jin





作为“湘阴三郭”,郭嵩焘、郭焘、郭焘兄弟三人在历史上 ,皆为杰出人物;又是 ,各有所长。探究他们的成长道路,不能不追溯其家世 与家庭教育。

A. 并提 春花秋月 渊源 B. 并称 春兰秋菊 渊源

C. 并提 春兰秋菊 源远 D. 并称 春花秋月 源远


A. 我们呼唤,在现实生活中能有更多像鲁迅先生这样的人,为了民族的未来而思考,而奋斗。

B. 内无余钱剩米,外无豪友强援,衣食不继,生计成忧,在生存和生活两方面,唐伯虎已被逼至悬崖边。

C. 一条大河从村边奔腾而去,雪白的浪花激荡涌起,宛如白玉般地迸溅开来,滋润了整个村子。

D. 这些带着本乡土产去贩卖的车子,往往成群成帮,队伍拉得老长,道上飞扬的尘土是他们的旗号。


A. 秋高鹰隼傍霄抟 B. 九流争赴水萦蟠

C. 几处溪山存旧物 D. 江汉回波散翠澜


如果春天是希望,那么,夏天便是绸缪,秋天便是品格,冬天便是抗争。 。 ; ; ; ; ,人类将始终是幻想国中的美丽而无用的幼芽。







A. ⑥②⑤①④③ B. ③①④②⑤⑥

C. ⑥①④②⑤③ D. ①②④⑤⑥③

A. 月上柳梢头,人约黄昏后。

B. 月出惊山鸟,时鸣春涧中。

C. 疏影横斜水清浅,暗香浮动月黄昏。

D. 欲知别后思今夕,溪水东流是寸心。










A. 帅师讨焉 帅:率领

B. 俾其薄俸也 俾:使,让

C. 蛮覆而败之 覆:遮盖

D. 殆非人也 殆:几乎


A. 从侄:父亲的亲兄弟的孙子,即堂兄弟的儿子。

B. 孤子:即孤儿,少年丧父者或幼无父母者。

C. 乡曲:思乡的曲子,如《杨柳曲》《梅花落》等。

D. 鞭弭:马鞭和弓;执鞭弭,意指在部队建功立业。

































































A. 《三国演义》“群英会蒋干中计”中,周瑜巧设“苦肉计”,使自作聪明的蒋干中了计,也使曹操中了计,为赤壁之战的胜利奠定了基础。

B. 《端午节》里的方玄绰不加入索薪行列,认为索薪欠斟酌,而一旦经济拮据,他也赞同索薪了,其表里不一的虚伪相,被作者刻画得惟妙惟肖。

C. 《边城》中,大老天保为了成全弟弟傩送的爱情,放弃了团总顺顺一座碾坊的陪嫁,牺牲了自己的幸福,光明磊落,胸怀宽广。

D. 《老人与海》中,老人连续八十四天没捕到一条鱼,周围的人们都认为他“倒了血霉”,可小男孩马诺林却称赞他“最好的渔夫是你”。

E. 《哈姆莱特》中,哈姆莱特利用到宫中演戏的戏班子,让他们在克劳狄斯面前演出《贡扎古之死》,借此观察克劳狄斯的神情反应,来确定他是不是杀父凶手。















Where are the man and the woman

A. At a flower shop.B. At a restaurant.C. At a concert.

How often will the woman’s daughter take dance lesson next month

A. Three times a week.B. Twice a week.C. Once every week.

What does the woman care most about her cell phone

A. Its design.B. Its special functions.C. Its practical use.

What does the woman mean

A. She will choose the man.B. The man was late in asking.C. She may run for the position

What can we learn from the conversation

A. The train will arrive soon.

B. The train is late due to the storm.

C. The woman has to wait for the train.



1.Why is the man worried in the beginning

A. He can’t find his present.B. He can’t see.C. He doesn’t like surprise.

2.What do the speakers like about the barbecue

A. The feature.B. The price.C. The colour.


1.Who are the speakers

A. Teachers.B. Students.C. co-workers.

2.Who paid for the holiday

A. The man.B. The woman.C. The man’s parents.

3.To whom should you say “mahalo”

A. Someone who helped you.B. Someone who you just met.C. Someone you hurt.


1.What did the man do last night

A. He wanted to the stadium to watch NBA game.B. He invited the woman to see a show.

C. He watched a sports program on TV.

2.How does the woman describe basketball game

A. It’s a very competitive game.B. It’s a dull game.C. It’s too complicated.

3.Why does the man ask the woman the last question

A. He wants to take her to a NBA gameB. He wants to change the topic of their conversation.

C. He wants to take her to a movie.


1.Who had a heart attack

A. The couple’s daughter.B. The couple’s dog.C. The couple’s neighbour

2.What did the first-aid workers do

A. They gave the couple some advice.

B. They scolded the couple seriously.

C. They took the dog to a pet hospital.

3.What may the man’s former dog be like now

A. Mean.B. Violent.C. Gentle



1.What happened at First Republic Bank

A. The man robbed the bank with a gun.

B. A young girl was robbed and killed.

C. The man used a cell phone to rob the bank.

2.How did the whales find their way back to the ocean

A. The winds and the tides helped them.

B. Some local fishermen showed them the way.

C. They followed a school of fish back to the ocean.

3.What do we know about the motorcycle show on Friday night

A. Riders won’t be allowed to perform dangerous tricks.

B. The show will be delayed until all the riders sign insurance forms.

C. Medical workers will be there in case of an emergency.

4.What made people concern about safety this time

A. A rider was killed last month.

B. A rider was badly injured last month.

C. Some audience were involved in a violence.


I was only three when my real mom passed away. The last thing I remember about my real mom was watching the ambulance taking her away from us. After my mom died, my dad started abusing my brothers and me. I was sent away to live with one relative after another but no one would ever want to keep me for long. I was miserable almost all of the time. Finally, when I was five, my mom’s sister, Aunt Bonnie, and her husband, Uncle Jesse, said that they would take me in, and they became my legal guardians.

From then on, they became my family. I called Aunt Bonnie Mom and Uncle Jesse Dad. When I was six, Uncle Jesse was diagnosed with cancer and finally died shortly after my seventh birthday. I cried for days after losing him and still clung to the present he gave me on my sixth birthday.

Shortly after Uncle Jesse passed away, we moved to a smaller house in a new town. I spent a lot of time alone because Mom was always working. One summer, the beginning of a miracle happened when my mom met a great and funny guy, David. They got married and now I gained two more brothers.

When I look back on it now, I have come a long way from being a sad and lonely girl to being the person I am today---part of a big, happy family. I can’t imagine what my life would have been like if Aunt Bonnie hadn’t taken me in. She promised to love me and take care of me---no matter what--- and she has done exactly that. I have learned about strength, dedication and love. She has been there to hold me when I’m sick, to help me with homework, to support me when I need her. In return, I love her more than she’ll ever know. Without her in my life, I would have been a motherless child, but because of her I have a great family and the best mom in the world.

1.Why was the author sent to live with her relatives

A. Because her dad didn’t want to raise her.

B. Because her relatives offered to help her.

C. Because her dad treated her badly.

D. Because her family was too poor to keep her.

2.We can infer from the passage that ______.

A. Aunt Bonnie had been teaching the author at home

B. Aunt Bonnie was a strong, dedicated and loving mother

C. the family could hardly make ends meet after Uncle Jesse died

D. David, the new father, was wealthy enough to support the family

3.Which of the following can be the best title of the passage

A. My Unusual ChildhoodB. Thank You, My Mom!

C. My New Dad and MomD. A Motherless Child

When old people live with children and other relatives the relationship is not always a happy one. Even old parents and adult children who live separately can have difficulties. Here the generation gap becomes most visible as the needs and interests of the middle-aged and old diverge. Some middle-aged children are so annoyed by the demands of their parents that they make such comments as “Why don’t the old fools die ”

Although such ugly comments exist, a survey conducted by the American Association of Retired Persons reflects a positive attitude by American population towards the old. That survey showed that 69% adult children have weekly contact with their mothers and 20% have daily contact with their mothers. Other surveys have shown that 40% of adults have face-to face contact with their parents once a week.

The 20*** National Survey of Family and Household (NSFH) showed that 78% of adults view their relationship with their mother and father as excellent. Only 0.03% of those surveyed viewed that relationship as “bad”. The remainders were ambivalent in their perception of their parents. This finding is confirmed by much older studies of the same phenomenon also conducted by the National Survey of Families and Households.

Of those surveyed, 66% contacted their parents once a week or more and only 10% did not contact their parents at all. In part, this is a product of the distance at which adult children live from their parents. The 20*** survey showed that 67% of adult children live within 100 miles of their parents and that 38% live within ten miles of their parents. However, a full 20% of those surveyed live 1,000 miles or more away from their parents.

1.According to the passage, the relationship between most American old people and their adult children is


A. terrible and distantB. annoying and difficult

C. great and closeD. neither good nor bad

2.Which of the following is closest in meaning to the underlined word “diverge” in paragraph 1

A. differB. meetC. existD. transfer

3.From the passage, we learn that ______.

A. generation gap becomes invisible if old parents and adult children live separately

B. relationship between parents and children has become much better than before

C. some old parents would rather die because their children are annoyed at them

D. living far away may lead to people’s less or no contact with their parents

Quite often, no matter how good you are, your success is dependent on how other people such as your boss, peers, clients and customers perceive your communication and responses. So when you come to people who make the key difference between helping you or holding you back, how can you influence and persuade them to give what you want.

Psychological research repeatedly show that people generally make up their minds on whether to help or hinder you based on whether they like you or not. It is human nature. What can you do about it You need to make a good impression on others to ensure they like you and give you what you want. Research again shows that people give opportunities to the people they like best. In fact, most people actually make up their minds about other people in the first five minutes or less of meeting someone. These are called first impressions or “moments of truth.”

Once they make up their minds, they tend to be very reluctant to change their opinions. You hardly have room for error when making that first impression on a new acquaintance. Therefore, whether you are applying for a job, going for an interview, attending a meeting with your boss or peers, or serving a customer, you need to prepare yourself mentally and rehearse how you will manage the first few minutes of your interaction. This includes doing your homework to gather information and researching all possible issues so you will know how to address them should the other party raise them unexpectedly.

It is amazing how poorly some people can come across at the beginning. The worst thing is that they do not even seem to realize it. Having good qualifications and an excellent work performance does not excuse candidates from trying to make good first impression.

1.What is the passage mainly about

A. Making a good first impressionB. People making the key difference

C. Winning strategies for a job interviewD. Persuading people to like you

2.Which of the following is the way by which people tend to decide whether to like other people or not

A. They make quick decisions

B. They prefer people who are experienced

C. They change their opinions frequently

D. They pay much attention to good qualifications

3.Which of the following strategies might help in an interview according to the author

A. Ask the interviewers for homework to do.

B. Know as much as possible about the situation.

C. Show your friendliness and confidence.

D. Do something unexpected to impress interviewers.

4.What will probably be talked about in the next part of the passage

A. Questions that might be asked by the interviewers.

B. Examples of how good first impressions help people succeed.

C. How to win over people who don’t like you at first.

D. Some practical advice to help making a good first impression.


People who love to spend time in their kitchen know that after having a rough day it helps them to relieve stress. Cooking up a favorite meal helps you forget about any of the issues you were focused on during the day. 1. Spending time alone in the kitchen after a long day at work allows you to simply recharge and enjoy the solitude of your kitchen.

Cooking can be a great way to put off a daily task, and those who love to cook know this all too well. Putting all your effort into making an elaborate meal or your favorite dessert is a great way to avoid anything that you have been dreading.

2. Anyone who enjoys cooking knows that when you share a common interest like cooking with someone from a different culture, you can easily form a bond. They see this as an amazing opportunity to share recipes and dishes and learn from different cooking traditions and customs.

Eating out as a cook allows you to taste surprising ingredients in dishes. 3. Unusual flavors excite you and unique interpretations of dishes have you asking the waiter exactly what was added to make the food so flavorful. This might not excite your non-cook friends and family, but for you, it’s a great way to learn and improve. 4.

5. As a cook, you have learned to add your own personal tastes to recipes through extensive trial and error. There are no limits for you when it comes to putting a new take on a traditional favorite, because, for you, cooking is all about creation.

A. Going out to eat becomes a whole other experience.

B. Instead, you concentrate on creating something delicious.

C. Cooking is also a universal language.

D. Moreover, cooking plays an important role in family life.

E. It is also likely to potentially inspire you to try to cook the meals in your own kitchen.

F. Mastering cooking skills helps you to become creative with food.

G. Cooking makes you a happy and popular person.


Like many new graduates, I left university full of hope for the future and wanted to make a ______ in the world somehow, but I had no idea how to do that. That’s ______ I learned about the Lighthouse Project.

I started my ______ as a Lighthouse Project volunteer by reading as much as I could about the experiences of previous ______. I knew it would be a lot of ______, and that I would be away from my family and friends for a very long time. ______, I did not take my decision to apply for the Lighthouse Project ______.

I sent in all the paperwork needed for the application. After countless interviews and presentations, I managed to ______ among the candidates and survive the test alone. Several months later, I finally received a call asking me to report for the ______. I would be going to a small ______ near Abuja, Nigeria.

After completing my ______, I was sent to the village that was small and ______ in need of proper accommodation. Though the local villagers were poor, they offered their homes, hearts, and food ______ I were their own family. I was asked to ______ a small team of local people in building a new schoolhouse. For the next year or so, I ______ in that same schoolhouse. But I sometimes think I learned more from my ______ than they did from me.

Sometime during that period, I realized that all those things that had seemed so strange or ______ to me no longer did, though I did not get anywhere with the local ______, and returned to the United States a ______ man. The Lighthouse Project had changed my ______ forever.

1.A. contributionB. differenceC. changeD. attempt

2.A. whyB. howC. whenD. where

3.A. journeyB. careerC. occupationD. business

4.A. volunteersB. fellowsC. graduatesD. applicants

5.A. adventureB. explorationC. funD. hard work

6.A. In turnB. In rewardC. In honorD. In short

7.A. seriouslyB. lightlyC. hurriedlyD. cautiously

8.A. stick outB. turn outC. stand outD. pick out

9.A. dutyB. callC. applicationD. responsibility

10.A. cityB. companyC. villageD. school

11.A. considerationB. collegeC. interviewD. training

12.A. instantlyB. desperatelyC. severelyD. timely

13.A. as ifB. even ifC. just asD. what if

14.A. convinceB. leadC. gatherD. undertake

15.A. studiedB. surviveC. supportD. taught

16.A. villagersB. colleaguesC. studentsD. competitors

17.A. familiarB. similarC. cruelD. unusual

18.A. languageB. peopleC. attractionsD. accommodation

19.A. smarterB. differentC. helpfulD. professional

20.A. characterB. experienceC. interestD. life



Many years ago, when I worked as a volunteer at a hospital, I got to know a little girl named Liz who was suffering from a rare and serious disease. Her only chance of 1. (recover) appeared to be a blood transfusion (输血) from 2. 5-year-old brother, who had miraculously survived the same disease and 3. (develop) the antibodies (抗体) needed to fight against the illness. The doctor explained the situation 4. her little brother, and asked the little boy if he would be 5. (will) to give his blood to his sister.

I saw him hesitate for only a moment 6. taking a deep breath and saying, “Yes, I’ll do it if it will save her.” 7. the transfusion progressed, he lay in bed next to his sister, with smile on his pale face. As we all did, he watched the color returning to her cheeks. Then his face grew 8. (pale) and his smile faded. He looked up at the doctor and asked with a 9. (tremble) voice, “Will I start to die right away ” Being young, the little boy had misunderstood the doctor; he thought he was going to have to give his sister all of his 10. in order to save her.


你的英语老师Ms Li下个月就要退休,你得知她喜欢植物,想送给她一些特别的植物种子作为她的退休礼物。请用英语给她写一张明信片,和礼物一起送给她。




Dear Ms Li,

I’ve heard that you are going to retire soon.


Wish you a happy retirement and we’ll miss you.


Li Hua



For many years, I had a recurring (重复出现的) dream. I was a little girl again, rushing about, trying to get ready for school.

“Hurry, you’ll be late for school,” my mother called to me.

“I am hurrying, Mom! What did I do with my books ”

Deep inside I knew where the dream came from. It was about some unfinished business in my life. As a kid, I loved everything about school. I loved books, teachers, tests and homework. Most of all I longed to someday march down the aisle (通道) to receive my diploma. That seemed more appealing even than getting married.

But at 15, I had to drop out because my parents couldn’t afford tuition (学费). My hope of getting a diploma was dead, or so I thought. Pretty soon, I married and had three children, and I thought: “There goes my diploma.”

Even so, I wanted my children to be educated. But Linda, our youngest child, had juvenile arthritis (幼年型关节炎) in her hands and knees, which made it impossible for her to function in a normal classroom. I felt really sorry for her and I didn’t want her to live her life with regret. I didn’t give up hope of her being back to school in some way.

One day, I saw an ad in the newspaper for evening courses. “That’s the answer,” I said to myself. Linda always feels better in the evening, so I’ll just sign her up for night school.

Linda was busy filling out enrollment (入学) forms when the secretary said: “Mrs. Schantz, why don’t you come back to school ”

I laughed: “There’s no way! I’m 55!” But he persisted, and before I knew what I had done, I was enrolled for classes in English and crafts. “This is only an experiment,” I warned him, but he just smiled. So, I told myself to try for just a semester and to see if it would work. Anyway, my dream was still there in my heart.


1. 所续写短文的词数应为150左右;

2. 应使用5个以上短文中标有下划线的关键词;

3. 续写部分分为两段,每段的开头语已为你写好;

4. 续写完成后,请用下划线标出你所使用的关键词语。

Paragraph 1:

It was exciting to go to school again but...


Paragraph 2:

Linda and I saw each other through the time.





The popular image of the mountain climber is of a person carefully climbing a steep cliff with a network of safety ropes, but it is not the only kind. Many climbers now enjoy bouldering. It’s more accessible and better for the environment.

What is bouldering

Bouldering is a sport that involves climbing on, over, and around boulders up to approximately twenty feet above the ground. Participants employ no safety ropes.

Why boulder

improve your climbing skills by focusing on basics

places to climb, such as climbing walls at gyms and parks, easy to find

less time commitment to bouldering than to mountain climbing

intellectual and physical enjoyment as one solves problems

Bouldering Terms

crimp: a very small handhold

foothold: a place where one may place a foot to aid in climbing boulder

jug: a very large handhold that is easy to use problem:The path up a boulder is referred to as the “problem”that one must solve. The “ solutionis the sequence of moves one makes up and over a boulder.

Here is an example of a climber addressing a bouldering problem.

Figure 1: The climber has two routes she could take, one to the left and one to the right. The left one appears easier because it has a jug within easy reach, but look what happens if she chooses that direction. She gets stuck on the rock and has to go back down. Sometimes that is even more difficult than going up.

Figure 2: The climber takes the one to the right this time. Using a foothold and placing her righ hand in a crimp, she is able to lift herself up and locate other handholds. After only a few moves, she is able to throw her leg over the top of the boulder and pull herself up.

1.What can we leam about bouldering

A. It is a popular indoor sport.

B. It is a kind of climbing without ropes,

C. It needs maps and equipment.

D. It is a steep cliff climbing.

2.Why does bouldering become popular

A. Because it challenges the limits.B. Because it is not readily available.

C. Because it builds minds and bodies.D. Because it ia a team game.

3.According to the example, what is the right route usually like

A. It is a shortcut.B. It a dead end.

C. It is tough but to the top.D. It is lined with jugs.

I have learned something about myself since I moved from Long Island to Florida three years ago. Even though I own a home in Port St. Lucie just minutes from the ocean, an uncontrollable urge wells up to return to Long Island even as others make their way south. I guess I am a snowbird stuck in reverse. Instead of enjoying Florida’s mild winters, I willingly endure the severe weather on Long Island, the place I called home for 65 years.

I’m like a migratory bird that has lost its sense of timing and direction, my wings flapping a- gainst season.

So what makes me fly against the tide of snowbirds The answer has a lot to do with my reluc tance to give up the things that define who I am. Once I hear that the temperature on Long Island has dipped into the range of 40 to 50 degrees, I begin to long for the sight and crackling sound of a wood fire. I also long for the bright display o£ colors ― first in the £all trees, and then in the limits around homes and at Rockefeller Center. Floridians decorate too, but can’t create the special feel of a New England winter.

I suppose the biggest reason why I telum is to celebrate the holidays with people I haven’t seen in months. What could be better than sitting with family and friends for a Thanksgiving turkey din ner, or watching neighbors’ children excitedly open gifts on Christmas Even the first snowfall seems special. I especially enjoy seeing a bright red bird settling on a snow-covered branch ( My wife and I spend winters at a retirement community in Ridge, and I’m grateful that I don’t have to shovel.)

While these simple pleasures are not unique to Long Island, they are some of the reasmis why I come back. Who says you can’t go home

1.What does the underlined word ”snowbird“ in Paragraph 1 refer to

A. A person spending winter in a warmer climate.

B. A bird seen chiefly in winter.

C. A person permanently living in a foreign country.

D. A bird flying to the south in winter.

2.What’s the difference between Florida and Long Island

A. Winters in Long Island are milder.

B. The snowbirds in Long Island are rarer.

C. Weather in Long Island is severer.

D. Long Island is nearer to the ocean.

3.What did the author miss most when he was in Florida

A. The cold temporature.B. The colorful light display.

C. The family gathering.D. The winter landscape.

4.What’s the author’s purpose in writing the text

A. To praise the beauty and warmth of his hometown.

B. To describe his dream to be a free bird.

C. To explain the reasons for moving from his hometown.

D. To express his feeling of missing his hometown.

It’s undeniable that spending time outdoors and in nature lifts our spirits and makes us feel more centered and at peace. When we breathe in fresh air, and enjoy the beauty of trees, streams and oceans, we naturally tend to feel more connected to ourselves and others.

Over the past decade, scientists have been exploring why nature ― and dirt specifically ― is such a powerful tool in improving our mood. According to researchers, the secret may lie in the mi crobes (微生物)of the soil. One bacterium specifically----Mycobacterium Vaccae (M. Vaccae) ―has been identified as having the power to affect our moods and cognitive function as well.

Experiments conducted at Sage Colleges in New York found that contact with M. Vaccae can increase serotonin levels in the brain ― a chemical that is associated with higher levels of happi ness ,increased focus, and reduced anxiety. In order to explore how the bacteria can improve learn ing, researchers Dory Mathews and Susan Jenks experimented with mice in a maze. Mice that in gested the bacteria navigated the maze twice as fast as the control group and proved less anxious as well.

Humans can absorb M. Vaccae just by playing in the dirt. We take in it when we breathe, we consume it in organic vegetables, and it can also enter our bloodstream through skin contact, espe cially where we have open cuts. This may explain why children in school perform better after break.

Neuroscientist Christopher Lowry at the University of Bristol in England believes that he has i- dentified why this incredible bacterium works. ”What we think happens is that the bacteria activate immune cells, which release chemicals called cytokines that then act on receptors on the sensory nerves to increase their activity. ”

Beyond the power of M. Vaceae, scientists have been proving for decades that exposure to dirt, and the huge number of microbes found in dirt, can strengthen our immune system. When our body comes into contact with bacteria, it stores die infonnation in a type of library and can then use that information to fight sickness and infection more effectively.

Happiness, focus, less anxiety......I’ll take a double dose of dirt; please!

1.What raises people’s spirits while spending time outdoors

A. Air.B. Trees.

C. WaterD. Dirt.

2.How does M. Vaccae work

A. By working on sensory nerves.B. By fighting sickness and infisction,

C. By strengthening the immune system.D. By making immune cells active.

3.According to the text, what does the author intend to do next

A. Provide some advice on reducing anxiety for readers,

B. Summarize the previous paragraphs about lifting one’s mood.

C. Explain how he or she will expose himself or herself to dirt.

D. Introduce a new topic related to dirt for discussion.

4.What can be a suitable title for the text

A. Fight Sickness and Infection More Effectively

B. How Getting Dirty Can Actually lift Your Mood

C. Let’s Take a Deep Breath of Fresh Air

D. Enjoy Beauty and Naturally Connect to Others

It is becoming increasingly important for researchers to closely monitor our ocean life. Howev er, observing sea creatures Up close is almost impossible since human presence scares them. Now, thanks to The Soft Robotic Fish, also known as SoFi, researchers may be able to keep a close eye on the sea creatures.

Built by MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory ( CSAIL), the white re- mote-controlled robot resembles the real fish, complete with a tail that waves from side to side. Though not the first autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) created to monitor the ocean , SoFi set- tles many of the problems that have blocked the usefulness of the previous robot fish.

Previous AUVs have had to be linked to boats because radio frequency communications don’t work well underwater. To overcome the problem, Director of die CSALL Daniela Rus and her team used sound waves. The technology can travel greater distances allowing divers to pilot SoFi from up to 50 feet away.

Also limiting the usefulness of traditional AUVs is the risk of collision. With the outside made of soft silicone (硅树脂)rubber and flexible plastic that keeps its inbuilt electronics dry, SoFi po ses no such danger. “ Collision avoidance often leads to unnecessary movement, since the robot has to settle for a collision-free path” , says Rus. “In contrast, a soft robot is not only more likely to survive a collision but also could use it as information to form a more workable movement plan next time around. ”

During test dives, SoFi moved alongside the ocean life at depths of 50 feet for up to 40 minutes at a time, taking photos and making videos. The researchers say sometimes the fish would swim a- longside the strange-looking robot-fish out of curiosity, while at other times they took no notice of its existence.

While SoFi presently only records video, future versions will include sensors. The researchers also hope to make it more autonomous. “We imagine someday it might help us uncover more secrets from the amazing underwater world that we know so little about,” says Rus.

1.What does the water think of SoFi

A. It makes ocean creature detection easier.

B. It is the first AUV.

C. It is closely controlled.

D. It scares sea animals away.

2.According to para 3, which of the following is ture

A. Sound waves travel faster than radio

B. Sound waves work better than radio underwater.

C. Previous AUVs use sound Avaves to communicate.

D. A boat travels along with SoFi on the water.

3.How does SoFi deal with collision

A. It can benefit farom its inbuilt electronics.

B. It can avoid extra movement.

C. It can smartly adjust its movement plan.

D. It is set for a collision-free path.

4.What will happen to SoFi in the future

A. SoFi can record videos.

B. SoFi will go invisible.

C. SoFi will be free from external control.

D. SoFi will be equipped with smart devices.


“Post-truth”was chosen by Oxford Dictionaries as the Word of the Year 20***. Indeed, digital misinformation is on the rise and it is hard for people to distinguish. 1.

Before the dawn of the Internet, Canadians regularly turned to trusting their preferred news papers or radio stations for the latest news. 2. It’s now coming at you from so many different sources that you need to take responsibility for what you’re seeing.

Experts recommend relying on a range of sources instead of just one, but looking into them first. 3. For example, the people connected, where they’re based, and their intention. A lack of information is certainly a warning.

Next, learning to recognize misinfonnation is important. False news spreads mostly through social media. So if you’re looking at news on Facebook, you have to handle it in a wiser way.4. Is it from a well-informed relative or a friend who regularly expresses extreme views And whatever you do, only by clicking through can you see whether the information is accurate.

5. It has no limits in achieving that goal, so it plays on feelings and uses improper lan guage. Therefore, if you feel excited to share something immediately, that’s the time you should stop and ask, “Is it accurate ”If we all take that extra little pause, we’ll be able to stop this false thing from spreading.

A. Sources that are reliable tell you about themselves.

B. Fortunately, there are some simple ways to tell facts from fiction.

C. Consider who’s sharing it if it’s not posted directly from the source.

D. Today 42% of them use social media at least once a day to get their news.

E. Someone sets up “Hot Global News” , hoping the ad dollars would pour in.

F. False news is designed to seek attention in order to sell ads or make an idea public.

G. Evaluating sources and getting reliable news is important in the age of misinformation.


A Florids woman walked into a Publix supermarket last week. She asked a(n) ____question at the bakery counter, “Are there any first-birthday cakes scheduled for __ over the weekend

Nick DeClemente, who works at the store, was initially __ by the request. He then asked if the woman had any __ person in mind. To his surprise, she didn’t.

The woman said, “No, I want to pay for one anonymously (匿名),”

Minutes later, she started to burst into __. She then explained to him that her baby was bom __ one year ago and she wanted to __ his memoiy by paying for another 1-year-old’s birthday cake.

“I was a little lost for words just because of the deep __ I developed for her,” DeClemente recalled. He ___a pile of cake orders and picked out an order for a birthday cake for a 1-year-old boy named David. The buttercream topped sheet cake, which __ at least 20 people, cost $32.99. The woman __ agreed to pay.

“She told me, “Thank you, and __ that I let her do this,“ DeClemente said” ”I hope that this lady finds __ through this gift and that the customer receiving this gift will pay it __, ““I told her how much it made my __ especially because I have a little boy on the way and wished her many __ DeClemente said, explaining he was standing by the storeys front door as she was __.

The dad-to-be said he never got her name nor did he get a __ to explain to the customer whose cake was paid for the story behind the __ gesture ― but he hopes their paths ____gain.

1.A. commonB. unusualC. personalD. difficult

2.A. pick-upB. decorationC. discountD. giveaway

3.A. amusedB. struckC. confusedD. disturbed

4.A. proudB. specificC. missinigD. famous

5.A. sobsB. laughterC. cheersD. applause

6.A. deafB. blindC. lambD. dead

7.A. eraseB. collectC. storeD. honor

8.A. mourningB. respectC. anxietyD. worry

9.A. went throughB. came toC. looked forD. got by

10.A. feedsB. attractsC. servesD. fills

11.A. quietlyB. regretfllyC. proudlyD. gladly

12.A. expectedB. appreciatedC. announcedD. accepted

13.A. reliefB. peaceC. healthD. satisfaction

14.A. backB. offC. forwardD. up

15.A. dayB. businessC. successD. way

16.A. achievementsB. fortunesC. blessingsD. romances

17.A. leavingB. workingC. buyingD. wishing

18.A. rightB. desireC. chanceD. courage

19.A. smartB. sweetC. heroicD. polite

20.A. stopB. leadC. windD. cross



The Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge (HZMB) , the 1.(eight) wonder for the 21st cmtuiy. opened on the morning of October 24th, 20***. The bridge links three areas, making 2.much more convenient to travel from one to another. Since opening, the three-hour drive 3.Hong Kong$ Zhuhai and Macao 4.( shorten) to 30 minutes.

The project involved more than 400 new patents ,broke seven world records and featured 5.(independent) developed key techniques and design. After an 8-year struggle, the success of the HZMB achieves 6. several generations have been dreaming of, and amazes the whole world with its demonstration of perfect skills and high-level Chinese standards. The bridge is intended to be 7. (rely) for more than 120 years. From the Belt and Road Initiative to ”Created in Chi- na“ , there is always a group of people 8. (provide) strong technical support for each of the country’s huge projects. From the beginning in December 20*** to the day of the official opening, all 9. (walk) of life made great contributions to the design and construction of HZMB, contribu- ting 10. (wise) of China”.


假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共 有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错谋仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。






Yesterday, my fnend Meyer and I went to a cafeteria close to that I live. It turned out to be one of the most unforgettable experience I had ever had.

Small although it is, the cafeteria is very popular in our area. Upon arriving at the crowded cafeteria, we spot a large sign hanging on the wall reads:“Watch Your Hat and Overcoat.”

Meyer did. He kept turning all time, almost choking on his food. I kept on eating, with thought of my own coat on the hook. Final I couldn’t help but say,”You, stupid boy, stop to watching our coats. “

”I’m only watching mine, replied Meyer. “You has been gone for over half an hour.”


假定你是李华,你从某网站上得知山西省博物馆正在招募暑假英语讲解员,请你根据以 下提示,给博物馆负责外国游客接待的Mr. Jason写一封英文自荐信.内容包括:

1. 表达意愿;2. 自荐理由;3. 恳请获准。



Dear Mr. Jason,


Yours sincerely,

Li Hua




Amazing natural landscapes

Volcanoes and Coastal Cliffs in Hawaii

With their volcanoes, valleys, waterfalls and towering coastal cliffs, the islands of Hawaii have some of the most spectacularly beautiful scenery on earth. No wonder Hawaii, especially the island of Kauai, is Hollywood’s favorite location for movies. Don’t forget to enjoy all these scenic splendors by taking a helicopter flight and going hiking.

When to visit: the off-season, when the best rates are available and the islands are less crowded, is spring (April to June)and fall (September to November).

Spectacular Mountains in Nepal

The small country of Nepal is situated in the Himalayan Mountains at the foot of Mount Qomolangma. Eight of the 14 independent mountains on earth that are more than 8,000 meters high above sea level are located in the country, offering strikingly beautiful mountainous scenery with hiking opportunities.

When to visit: October and November, the start of the dry season, are the best months to visit Nepal.

Mountains and Oceans of the National Parks of Western Canada

Deep in the Canadian Rocky Mountains, you will find world-class and jaw-dropping scenery, centered around glacial lakes. Wildlife is abundant in these areas, especially in Jasper National Park, which is well-known for wildlife viewing and home to some of North America’s rarest animals including grizzlies, bisons and wolves.

When to visit: the Canadian Rockies and Canada’s West Coast are best visited in summer. If you want to avoid the tourist crowds, travel in June or September.

Impressive Landscapes of New Zealand

New Zealand is a land of natural diversity. You’ll see things that you won’t see anywhere else in the world. Within a day or two’s drive, you can see great mountains, subtropical forests, and miles of coastline with sandy beaches. Don’t miss Abel Tasman National Park.

When to visit: the best time to visit New Zealand is between October and April, with high season (meaning high prices and low availability for hotels) between mid-December and the end of January.

1.When might be the best time to visit the islands of Hawaii

A. In January. B. In May.

C. In July. D. In December.

2.Where should wildlife lovers go

A. The island of Kauai. B. Jasper National Park.

C. The Himalayan Mountains. D. Abel Tasman National Park.

3.What can be done in New Zealand

A. Shooting films. B. Watching grizzlies.

C. Touring glacial lakes. D. Exploring subtropical forests.

Jennifer van den Broeke tried riding her son and daughter around Amsterdam, the capital city of the Netherlands, on her old bike with two child seats, but it was sometimes unsafe. That was when she decided to join the growing Dutch army of pedaling parents using so-called transport bikes.

Now Jennifer’s 8-month-old son Jasper and 3-year-old daughter Benthe can climb into the wooden box of her new transport bike so she can ride them around town. “With the kids and the shopping bags and everything, this is just easier,”said Jennifer. “It’s a very strong bike.”

The transport bike, called a bakfiets in Dutch, is making a comeback decades after butchers, bakers ― maybe even candlestick makers, who first began using them to carry their wares (物品) around the narrow streets of this nation’s towns and cities. The bikes, with two or three wheels, have a wooden or plastic box on the front or between the front and back wheels.

Nowadays cars and vans crowd city streets. Regular bikes have remained popular, but for parents with a couple of kids, the car was often the only option.Not anymore.

Maarten van Andel, a 46-year-old native, started making cargo bikes last year when he was looking for a cheap way to transport his two children around Amsterdam. “It’s a timesaving device,” he said. “It’s a lot quicker to get around town with your kids in a bakfiets than in a car.”

Henry Cutler, who runs an Amsterdam cycle store, says there are 5,000-10,000 floating around Amsterdam. He sometimes sounds like he’s selling not just bikes, but a way of life. “We are trying to promote products that change people’s perspective about living. Bikes are not fast, but does life have to be fast” he said.“Many families with small children want to try it because they believe it is a better and easier way to get around,” said Erik Oddershede, the manager of the Danish national bicycle shop organization, Danske Cykelhandlere.

1.What do we know about the transport bike

A. It sometimes causes safety problems on the road.

B. It usually has a wooden or plastic box at its back.

C. It was once common decades ago in the Netherlands.

D. It is now widely used by Dutch butchers and bakers.

2.What does the author mean by saying “Not anymore”

A. Parents with two or more kids have another choice.

B. Regular bikes have become more and more popular.

C. Maarten Van Andel was more interested in cargo bikes.

D. Nowadays there are fewer traffic problems in the city.

3.Who says that people should live at an unhurried pace

A. Henry Cutler. B. Erik Oddershede.

C. Maarten Van Andel. D. Jennifer Van den Broeke.

4.What is the text mainly about

A. The traffic problems in Amsterdam.

B. The lifestyle of people in Amsterdam.

C. The sales of transport bikes in Amsterdam.

D. The popularity of a bakfiets in Amsterdam.

With so many people in the world telling us we can’t succeed, we need to hear people telling us we can.I remember my high school English teacher telling me not to apply to Cornell University because they wouldn’t accept me and even if they did I wouldn’t be able to do the work. I almost didn’t apply but a few days later I saw Ivan Foldfarb, a former teacher, in the hallway and asked him about Cornell. He said, “If you get in, then you go. You can do it.” His words made all the difference. I applied and was accepted.

Too often we think it’s our role to inject a dose(一次剂量)of “reality” into someone’s life. We think we must point out how bad the economy is and how horrible the job market is and how the sky is falling.

I say there are enough pessimists and “realists” in the world. The world needs more optimists, encouragers, and inspirers. The world needs more people to speak into the hearts of others and say “I believe in you.” “If you have the desire then you also have the power to make it happen.” “Even if you fail, it will lead to something even better.”

When it comes to encouragement I know that every one of us loves working for and with people who bring out the best in us. We love being around people who uplift us and make us feel great.

And while we’ll always remember the negative people who told us we couldn’t accomplish something, we will always cherish and hold a special place in our heart for those who encouraged us.

Today I want to encourage you to be an encourager. Today decide to be that person who instills a positive belief in someone who for that needs to hear your encouraging words. Encourage someone who is feeling down. Fuel your team with your positive energy.

Share encouragement. It matters and we all need it.

1.Why did the author’s English teacher tell him not to apply to Cornell University

A. Because the author had no talent.

B. Because the author was a bad student.

C. Because the teacher thought little of the author.

D. Because the teacher didn’t want the author to attend university.

2.What can we infer from Paragraph 3

A. The world is lack of “reality”.

B. The economy is becoming worse and worse.

C. We have to face a negative world every day.

D. We take it for granted that we should reveal “reality”.

3.What does the underlined word “uplift” in Paragraph 5 mean

A. to increase something.

B. to raise something to a higher position.

C. to give hope or encouragement to somebody.

D. to make somebody unhappy or disappointed.

4.What’s the best title of the passage

A. Be an encourager. B. Always be optimistic.

C. Failure is the mother of success. D. Get away from negative people.

Most people like to escape the summer heat with a trip to the beach or a swim in the local pool, but here’s a better choice for you: Coudersport Ice Mine.

The mine was a roadside attraction in Pennsylvania’s Appalachian Mountains for many years until it was suddenly closed down for some reason. But after being closed for nearly a quarter of a century, this hidden summer getaway was once again open to the public in 20***, reports Living on Earth.

The mine isn’t just a great place to escape the summer heat; it’s also something of an unsolved mystery. Strangely, the cave only produces ice in the summertime, and it tends to produce more ice when the surrounding temperature gets higher. When winter falls and snow covers the hilltops, the ice in the cave melts. The cave is so mysterious that some locals even say (falsely) that the cave is man-made.

Originally discovered in 1894, the mine was first used to store meat and for ice harvesting. By the early 1900s, however, it was changed into a tourist attraction. Inside the cave in the summer it gets cold, like walking into a fridge.

Though the cave remains largely mysterious, there are theories. Experts say that cold winter air gets into the cave through cracks in the rocks, and due to the unusual interconnection of the cracks here, that cold air gets concentrated into the cave. The reason ice only forms in the summer is because of the seasonal humidity (湿度) increase in the surrounding atmosphere, along with an increase in groundwater, which becomes exposed to the freezing air. In the winter, warm air trapped in the rocks from the summer escapes and melts the ice.

Part of the charm of the Coudersort Ice Mine, though, is that it keeps much of its mystery. Perhaps it’s best to simply think of it as a long-lost hole in the mountain where Old Man Winter sleeps. At any rate, it’s a great place to escape the heat of summer. If you’re interested in checking it out, you can get more information from its Facebook page.

1.What does the history of Coudersport Ice Mine tell us

A. It had shut down for about 35 years.

B. It had been closed down only once.

C. It used to be open only in the summer.

D. It first attracted attention a century ago.

2.What was the cave originally used for

A. Producing heat. B. Attracting tourists.

C. Keeping food fresh. D. Storing newly harvested crops.

3.How does the cave work in the summer according to experts

A. Its cracks trap a lot of water.

B. It produces more cracks in the rocks.

C. Its humidity increases and it gets hotter.

D. The cold air from its cracks freezes the water.

4.What does the author think of the mystery of Coudersport Ice Mine

A. It should be kept secret forever.

B. It makes the cave more attractive.

C. It gets deeper if you are interested in it.

D. It is related to the tale of Old Man Winter.


Grade 3 high school students are graduating next summer. Many of them will go to university. The transition from high school to college is challenging. 1.

Your opinions and outlook on college matter. 2. Actually your attitude about whether attending college will have a positive influence on your life is a strong predictor of academic performance.

3.Your success in college depends, in part, on surrounding yourself with people who can support you and make you have fun. So try to take an active part in extracurricular(课外的)activities so that you can have a smoother adjustment to college.

Don’t be afraid to talk to your professors or teaching assistants. 4. This means trying to find the answers on your own first, but then contacting those who can help you when you can’t. That is what they’re there for! Your professors and teaching assistants want to see you succeed in their classes.

Be confident. Feeling anxiety about communicating with peers, professors and speaking up in class may be a problem for you. 5. The more you speak up in class, the easier it becomes.

A.Hold onto high school friendships.

B.Be open to making new friends on campus.

C.And successful adjustment to college has lifelong effects.

D.Successful adjustment is about reaching out for help when you need it.

E.Family support can give you comfort and assistance when classes get hard.

F.One of the best ways to increase your communication confidence is to practice.

G.So try to face the uncertainty that goes along with going to college with enthusiasm.


Invited to Kim’s graduation ceremony, my wife and I had our two kids with us there. The crowded auditorium (会堂)was filled with people ________ themselves with their speech drafts, who were in ________ of the calling of their names. Each graduate walked across the stage to receive this piece of paper that ________ his or her academic accomplishment.

Kim looked up at us and was trying to control the tears, but in ________. She was not doing a good job of it. ________ emotions is not something that Kim does very well. There she was, ________ in line, prepared to receive her diploma. There was a good ________, but to me it was as if she had been standing in front of me. That simple act of gently rubbing the tears of ________ and looking up at those loved ones really ________ me.

“Kimberly Anne Conway, graduating magna cum laude(以优异成绩)” was ________ over the auditorium’s sound system. She walked ________ across the huge stage and received this piece of paper, the ________ of her effort. I glanced at my wife and saw tears roll gently down as the ________ she had for her sister showed itself on her face.

Kim is not a(n) ________ college graduate. She is 38 years old, and has made an effort, ________ for the past four years. She attended college while working full-time, and ________ to obtain the college degree. Many times she felt like ________, and she would have done so without the ________ from other students.

Everyone in the auditorium was ________ by Kim that day. And I want Kim to know that I have the greatest________ for her.

1.A. enjoying B. comforting C. fanning D. entertaining

2.A. expectation B. honor C. favor D. fear

3.A. promoted B. completed C. evaluated D. represented

4.A. silence B. vain C. doubt D. peace

5.A. Putting off B. Turning down C. Suffering from D. Holding back

6.A. running B. standing C. jumping D. jogging

7.A. excuse B. chance C. distance D. approach

8.A. achievement B. amazement C. disappointment D. punishment

9.A. interrupted B. convinced C. reminded D. touched

10.A. exhibited B. determined C. announced D. predicted

11.A. curiously B. cautiously C. anxiously D. proudly

12.A. impression B. appreciation C. recognition D. influence

13.A. love B. confusion C. sadness D. prediction

14.A. enthusiastic B. average C. creative D. positive

15.A. especially B. specially C. eventually D. initially

16.A. happened B. continued C. failed D. struggled

17.A. explaining B. quitting C. complaining D. apologizing

18.A. ignorance B. chance C. encouragement D. agreement

19.A. inspired B. instructed C. comforted D. acknowledged

20.A. patience B. respect C. responsibility D. tolerance


阅读下面短文,在空白处填入 1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

When Kate’s car ran out of gas on a highway one night six weeks ago, she got into 1. panic. “I thought I could make it all the way home, but 2. (apparent) I was wrong,” Kate recalled. “I drove to the side of the road and got out, 3. (plan) to walk to the nearest gas station. That’s when I met Johnny, a homeless man sitting nearby. Johnny stopped me. Concerned about my 4. (secure), he told me to get back in the car and lock the doors. I obeyed. A few minutes later, he came back with a gas can that he bought with his last $20.”“5.was crazy that he would use all his money on someone he didn’t even know,” Kate added. 6. (repay)Johnny, Kate returned many times and gave him some money, food and clothes. But she wanted to do more for this man. “Johnny is generous indeed,” said Kate. “He’s got 7. positive energy that he should be helped.” 8. (touch) by Johnny’s selflessness, Kate is now raising money online for him. “To my great delight, donations keep pouring in,” said Kate. “So far, over $100,000 9.(collect). He’s indeed a good guy and deserves everything10.is coming to him.”


假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。





2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。

Dear Mr. Xie,

I’m very exciting to write to you to express my thanks. I am Li Hua, one of the poor children who was crying for knowledge, but couldn’t afford the school fees because my father was ill or my family was deeply in debt. Thank you for give me generous support so that I could have the chance go back to school. Has it not been for the support, I wouldn’t have realized my dream. Your help makes much difference to me. I am sure to spread the love to help people in the need.

In brief, my appreciation for your kindness can never be expressed in word. Please accept my sincerely gratitude.


Li Hua


假定你是李华,你校最近开辟了校园图书角。请给留学生 Tony 写一封邮件,介绍校园图书角的情况。内容包括:


注意:1.词数 100 左右;






Bus Tours in Washington DC

The Blossoms Tour In Washington DC

Duration: 3 hours? $56.99

BEST WAY to Experience the Cherry Blossoms! Each year from mid March to mid April, see the beautiful Cherry Blossoms in Washington DC and get great photos because you’ll be led to all the best spots by the best guides.The annual spring bloom in DC is a magical time and this tour promises to provide the very best tour opportunity for you!

The Lights Night Tour in Washington DC

Duration: 3 hours?? $56.33

Highest-rated Night Tour in DC! The ONLY DC Night Tour where the Tour Guides HOP OFF with you at each stop and tell you about each monument and attracton.HOP aboard the The Lights Night Tour! The best time to take a tour of Washington DC is at night.

The Best Minibus Tour in Washington DC

Duration: 3 hours? $ 46.92

See all the key atractions DC has to offer in a 3-hour format.You will learn all about the history and trivia (琐事) that surrounds Washington and visit the major monuments and attractions DC has to offer.

Please Note: Rates for this tour vary by day of the week.When you choose your specific date on the availability calendar, the rates for that date will be displayed.

Best Mount Vernon & Arlington Cemetery Tour from Washington DC

Duration: 6 hours? $ 78.96

See Arlington Cemetery, Old Town Alexandria and George Washington’s Mount Vernon Estate on this small group bus tour from Washington DC.Your tour guide will accompany you through Mount Vernon, telling you about all of the atractions there and the history of George Washington’s home on the Potomac River.

1.Which date suits The Blossoms Tour most?

A.July 4.B.August 15.

C.March 27.D.October 8.

2.What is special about The Best Minibus Tour?

A.Its price is not fixed.B.The best time to take it is at night.

C.The tour guide accompanies you.D.You can get great photos of cherry.

3.Which tour would offer you a chance to learn about George Washington’s home?

A.The Blossoms Tour.B.The Lights Night Tour.

C.Tbe Best Minibus Tour.D.Best Mount Vermon & Arlington Cemetery Tour.

It was hard to accept, but the sad day had finally arrived.I still remember the tears welling up in my six-year-old sister’s eyes as she looked around the empty closet in wonder.The space once filled with her clothes now held only loneliness and sorrow.This little child had come to the realization that her father was gone.He had left us, and there was simply no way to change it.

Being the oldest of four girls has never been easy, but with the departure of our father, our world and dreams were broken beyond repair.My mother, the most amazingly warm-hearted person in the world, has worked harder than anyone should simply to mend our broken household.However, long hours at work often prevented her from physically being there in our times of need.This is where I have stepped up as the temporary caretaker of my three small sisters.

Many students write college essays about their leadership positions in school and the community but I feel that my greatest accomplishment is the role I have played within my own family.

Senior year in high school is not simple for anyone, especially when it feels like the entire world is resting on your shoulders, but this is how I have felt for the past two years, I have continually tried to fulfill the dream my mother holds for my future.My mother was not able to complete her college education, and so this success is her top significance for her children.

A leader is defined as one who has influence on others.I hope that my leadership affects the lives of my sisters and everyone around me.In dedicating myself to my family and school, I have set goals that I will do anything to accomplish.I am an extremely determined individual, and my university will help me take the next step in climbing the ladder of success.

1.What does the author intend to do in Paragraph 1?

A.Show a topic for discussion.

B.Provide some advice for readers.

C.Summarize the following paragraphs.

D.Introduce some background information.

2.What was the author’s dream in her senior year in high school?

A.To be admitted into a college.

B.To look after her sisters well.

C.To set an example to her sisters.

D.To lead her family out of trouble.

3.What is the author’s present life like?

A.Happy and quiet.B.Hard but hopeful.

C.Busy but successful.D.Inspiring and rich.

4.What role does the author play in her family?

A.A winner.B.A teacher.

C.A leader.D.A dreamer.

A new app aims to help parents interpret what their baby wants based on the sound of their cry.The free app ChatterBaby, which was released last month, analyzes the acoustic (声学的) features of a baby’s cry, to help parents understand whether their child might be hungry, fussy or in pain.While critics say caregivers should not rely too much on their smartphone, others say it’s a helpful tool for new or tired parents.

Ariana Anderson, a mother of four, developed the app.She originally designed the technology to help deaf parents better understand why their baby was upset, but soon realized it could be a helpful tool for all new parents.

To build a database, Anderson and her team uploaded 2,000 audio samples of infant(婴儿) cries.She used cries recorded during ear piercings and vaccinations to distinguish pain cries.And to create a baseline for the other two categories, a group of moms had to agree on whether the cry was either hungry or fussy.

Anderson’s team continues to collect data and hopes to make the app more accurate by asking parents to get specific about what certain sounds mean.

Pediatrician Eric Ball pointed out that evaluating cries can never be an exact science.“I think that all of the apps and technology that new parents are using now can be helpful but need to be taken seriously,” Ball said ,“ I do worry that some parents will get stuck in big data and turn their parenting into basically a spreadsheet(电子表格) which I think will take away the love and caring that parents are supposed to be providing for the children.”

But Anderson said the aim of the app is to have parents interpret the results, not to provide a yes or no answer.The Bells, a couple using this app, say it’s a win-win.They believe they are not only helping their baby now but potentially others in the future.

1.How does the app judge what babies want?

A.By collecting data.

B.By recording all the sounds.

C.By analyzing the sound of their cries.

D.By asking parents about specific messages.

2.What was the app designed for in the beginning?

A.All new parents.B.Deaf parents.

C.Ariana Anderson.D.Crying babies.

3.What is Ball’s opinion about the app?

A.Parents should use the app wisely.

B.The app can create an accurate result.

C.Parents and babies are addicted to the app.

D.The app makes babies lose love and caring.

4.What is the text mainly about?

A.Parents should not rely too much on their smartphones.

B.A new app helps parents figure out why their babies are crying.

C.Parents can deal with babies’ hunger with the help of a new app.

D.A new app called ChatterBaby can prevent babies from crying.

It’s a real case of fish out of water.Blennies (鲇鱼) in the South Pacific Ocean are gradually relocating to land to escape their predators (捕食者), in an example of evolution in action.

Fish first began crawling onto dry land about 400 million years ago, kicking off an evolutionary chain of events that led to humans.But their reasons for exiting the sea have been uncertain.

To look for clues, Terry Ord at the University of New South Wales in Australia has been studying several species of blennies at Rarotonga, the largest of the Cook Islands.

At low tide, blennies are commonly found swimming in rock pools around the edges of the island.But when high tide moves in, they climb up to dry land and move around the rocks until the tide retreats.

The researchers found that this is most likely to avoid predators that swim in with the rising tide C mainly bigger fish like lionfish.

To test what would happen if blennies did not have an escape plan, they made blenny models and sank them in the sea.The mimics ended up with wounds, bite marks and chunks-missing.

Of course, there are still dangers for blennies on land, like the occasional bird attack, but the predation risk on land is a third that of underwater.

What’s more, moving onto land has additional benefits for blennies.Holes in the rocks provide sheltered nests for laying eggs, and they can maintain their diet of bacteria.

In fact, several species of blenny fish at Rarotonga have already made the full transition to land-dwelling (陆生的) species.They continue to breathe with their gills, but have developed stronger tail fins and jump from rock to rock.

Ord believes that many evolutionary processes have been driven by the need to escape predators.“It is often assumed that animals move homes to find new sources of food, but in many cases, escaping predators is a stronger motivation.” he says.

1.Why do blennies climb to dry land when high tide comes?

A.To acquire better health.B.To search for more food.

C.To seek safer living conditions.D.To adapt to a new environment.

2.What does the underlined part “The mimics” in Paragraph 6 refer to?

A.The rocks in the water.B.The predators of blennies.

C.The researchers of blennies.D.The models of blennies.

3.What can be concluded from the last paragraph?

A.Ord’s research opens a new view.

B.Ord wonders why animals move homes.

C.Ord shows us the benefits of blennies’ evolution.

D.Ord has discovered how fish have become land dwellers.

4.Which of the following could be the best title for the text?

A.Blennies’ Living Habits

B.Why Blennies Choose to Live on Land

C.Blennies’ Evolutionary Process

D.How Blennies Escape from their Predators


Five steps to make a difference to the oceans

The oceans are being seriously polluted now.Plastics are harming the marine (海产的) life.Carbon pollution is warming the oceans and increasing their acidity(酸度).Waters are being overfished.1.Here are some steps we can take to help make a difference.

1.Bring our own bags.2.Try carrying a reusable bag at all times, including while traveling, and bringing our own things to work to avoid relying on plastic items.

2.Talk about it now.We should carry that conversation into public places.Talk to our friends and family about why the ocean is important and why we take steps to help it, and challenge them to do the same.

3.3.A good way to make a difference is to organize a garbage cleanup now.Whether it’s an inland cleanup or one near the coast, plan one in our community.

4.Throw away our cars.4.When we hang out, we should reduce our carbon footprint, which may help slow global warming and ocean acidification as well as conserve energy

5.Recycle, obviously.Experts say recycling is an obvious action to take.Check on what can be recycled in our community, and make sure you’re separating out your plastic.

In summary, think about it more and act on it more.The more someone thinks about plastics and plastics pollution, the environment and the consequences of our actions, the more likely they are to act on it.5.

A.Plan a cleanup.

B.Choose public transportation over driving our cars.

C.Driving cars is not a good way to protect the oceans.

D.However, experts say there’s still hope to make a difference.

E.However, marine life plays a very important role in the oceans.

F.If everyone can contribute to the oceans, the oceans will be well preserved.

G.Whenever we put something, we should bring our own bag, but not a plastic one.


In kindergarten, I met my first love C dancing.For the last eleven years, I have spent many hours at the dance studio.The ______ I began as a little girl has shaped my personality, forming __________ that I will have for the rest of my life.

Once while our dance team ______ for the state competition, six senior members quit without notice, leaving our team without a ______.My team’s enthusiasm for the season was cut in half.______, I was determined to become the new captain and lead my team past this obstacle.

During the first practice after the seniors quit, my team’s emotion was ______.As a leader, I tried to motivate my team through ______.I started to do ______ work outside practice to improve my kicking technique.My team respected me as a coach because I showed ______.On weekends, I spent hours trying to make up a creative competition routine.I wanted my team members to ______ the dance and perform well.

Before the state meet, I drilled the ______ into the girls’ heads and constantly encouraged them to work harder.I would shout out names of people who were ______ well during the dance, and the girls would ______ with even more energy.Through my dance experience, I also found I got better by ______ myself.I mixed new skills into the routine for the state competition to ______ my team’s technique.We wanted to prove to ourselves and our school that we could still be a(n) ______ dance team without the girls who ______.

On the stage, I felt my team’s ______.I was proud that we were able to rebuild our confidence and go beyond our expectations at the state competition.We were ______ for all our hard work by placing in the top five.This experience taught me a lesson: with a passion for something, I could ______ any obstacle with creativity and determination.

1.A.education B.activity C.travel D.research

2.A.qualities B.competitions C.connections D.opinions

3.A.looked B.left C.practiced D.hoped

4.A.target B.captain C.project D.guide

5.A.Otherwise B.Besides C.Instead D.However

6.A.growing B.normal C.low D.appealing

7.A.example B.award C.promise D.experience

8.A.new B.extra C.little D.personal

9.A.production B.expectation C.promotion D.devotion

10.A.love B.check C.believe D.ignore

11.A.result B.failure C.routine D.function

12.A.planning B.judging C.predicting D.performing

13.A.deal B.respond C.defend D.compare

14.A.reminding B.teaching C.protecting D.challenging

15.A.admire B.share C.improve D.prove

16.A.familiar B.similar C.ordinary D.brilliant

17.A.quit B.joined C.appreciated D.approached

18.A.patience B.kindness C.energy D.pride

19.A.rewarded B.thanked C.prepared D.moved

20.A.think of B.get over C.care about D.keep off



Jogging makes you burn fat and lose weight.In addition to increasing metabolism (新陈代谢), jogging is an 1.(effect) way to burn more calories, 2.helps you lose weight.If calories consumed in food are less than calories 3.(spend) during exercise and other daily activities, you will lose weight.It is impossible not to! Many people have learned how to lose weight by4.(start) a running program.

Jogging 5.(help) to reduce stubborn fat.A running program can really help to cut back 6.the last of your stubborn fat.Change can take a long time to come but 7.(eventual) it makes maintaining a healthy weight much easier.

If you suffer from poor appetite, jogging will improve your appetite.Along with all other 8.(form) of exercise C the harder you work, the more you will eat 9.(repair) your muscles and refuel them.When you start to run longer, you will start to eat to fuel your body, and may even find that you need to eat more food every day 10.you did when you were overweight.








Today, when I walked to home after school, I found the sunset was very beautifully.I stopped at the park and sit on a bench to appreciate the scenery.There was so many people at the park, most of whom were old couples, but they went for a walk.There was a special couple walk hand in hand, which caught my attention.The old woman couldn’t walk well because there was something wrong with her right legs.The old man took care of them carefully.They set good example to the young couples, showing that true love is.Against the sunset, they made up a beautiful scene.


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